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AP Human Ch.13 Vocab

Urban Patterns - AP Human Geography, Chapter 13, Rubenstein

TermDefinition
Annexation Legally adding land area to a city in the US
Census tract An area delineated by the US Bureau of the Census for which statistics are published. In urban ares, they generally correspond to neighborhoods.
Central business district (CBD) The area of a city where retail and offices activities are clustered
Combined statistical area (CSA) In the US, two or more core based statistical areas that are tied together by communicating patterns
Concentric zone model A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged in rings
Core based statistical area (CBSA) In the US, a collective term for all metropolitan statistical areas and micropolitan statistical areas
Metropolitan statistical area A method of measuring the functional area of a city, including an urbanized area of 50,000+ inhabitants and surrounding areas
Micropolitan statistical area A smaller version of a metropolitan statistical area, featuring an urbanized area of 10,000 to 50,000 inhabitants and surrounding areas
Council of government An agency consisting of representatives from local governments in an area
Density gradient The change in density in an urban area from the center to the periphery
Edge city A large node of offices and retail activities on the edge of an urban area. Planned around freeway exits and designed for motor vehicle travel.
Filtering The division of large houses previously owned by one wealthy family into smaller apartments for lower-income families
Food desert An area in a developed country where healthy food is difficult to obtain
Gentrification The process of converting a neighborhood from a low-income, renter-occupied area to a middle-class, owner-occupied area
Greenbelt A ring of land maintained for parks, agriculture, etc. to limit suburban sprawl
Megalopolis A continuous urban complex in the northeastern US, extending from north of Boston to south of D.C.
Multiple nuclei model A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a collection of nodes or activities
Peripheral model A model of urban areas consisting of an inner city surrounded by large suburban residential and business areas tied together by a beltway/ring road. North American cities follow this model.
Primary census statistical areas (PCSA) In the US, a general term for all of the combined statistical areas, metropolitan statistical areas, and micropolitan statistical areas.
Public housing Housing owned by the government. In the US, it is rented by low-income individuals with a maximum rate of 30% of the family's income
Redlining A process by which banks draw lines on maps and refuse to lend money to purchase or improve property within certain boundaries
Sector model A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged in a series of wedge-shaped sectors radiating from a central business district
Smart growth Legislation and regulations to limit suburban sprawl and protect famland
Social area analysis Statistical analysis used to identify where people of similar lifestyles, living standards, and ethnic backgrounds live within an urban area
Squatter settlement An area within a city in a less-developed country in which people illegally establish residences in land they do not own or rent
Underclass People in a society prevented from participating in the material benefits of a more developed society because of social and economic characteristics
Urban area A dense core of census tracts, densely-settled suburbs, and low-density land that links the suburbs with the core
Urban cluster In the US, an urban area with between 2,500 and 50,000 inhabitants
Urbanized area In the US, an urban area with at least 50,000 inhabitants
Zoning ordinances A law that limits the permitted uses of land and the maximum density of a community. Meant in part to control the location and height of skyscrapers.
Created by: emilyjane1221