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Am Govt Unit 5

TermDefinition
22nd Amendment Ensures that no person can be elected to more than two four-year terms as President of the United States. The 22nd Amendment, ratified in 1951, was passed in reaction to President Franklin D. Roosevelt's four terms.
25th Amendment Deals with succession to the Presidency and establishes procedures both for filling a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, as well as responding to Presidential disability
amnesty A blanket pardon offered to a group of law violators p.408
civil service Those civilian employees who perform the administrative work of government.
clemency Leniency or mercy granted to an offender by a chief executive; see pardon, reprieve. pp 407, 699
commander in chief Term for the President as commander of the nation's armed forces. p.355
commutation The power to reduce (commute) the length of a sentence or fine for a crime. pp 408, 699
department
Department of Homeland Security A federal agency designed to protect the United States against threats. Its wide-ranging duties include aviation security, border control, emergency response and cybersecurity. Newest major agency in the executive office.
Electoral College System Group of persons chosen in each State and the District of Colombia every four years who make a formal selection of the President and Vice President. pp 81, 366
executive agreement A pact made by the President directly with the head of a foreign state; a binding international agreement with the force of law but which (unlike a treaty) does not require Senate consent. pp80, 400
pardon Release from the punishment or legal consequences of a crime, by the President (in a federal case) or a governor (in a state case) pp 407, 699
Pendleton Act Laid the foundation for the federal civil service system. Main purpose was to make merit (the quality of one's work) the basis for hiring, promotion and other personnel actions in the federal work force. p439
persona non grata An unwelcome person; used to describe recalled diplomatic officials p 401
pocket veto Type of veto a chief executive may use after a legislature has adjourned; when the chief executive does not sign or reject a bill within the time allowed to do so
Presidental qualifications 1) natural born citizen, 2) at least 35 years old 3) Have been 14 years a resident within the US
Presidental Succession Scheme by which a presidential vacancy is filled p 359 Vice president, Speaker of the House, President pro tempore of the Senate, Secretary of State, etc.
recognition The exclusive power of a President to recognize (establish formal diplomatic relations with) foreign states p 400
reprieve An official postponement of the execution of a sentence pp 407 699
treaty A formal agreement between two or more sovereign states pp 80, 399
War powers Resolution Congress claimed the power to restrict the use of American forces in combat areas where a state of war does not exist.
White House Office
Created by: caseyjones