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Chp 8

The Age of Exploration

TermDefinition
The Treaty of Tordesillas agreement that divided the 'New World' between Spain and Portugal
Clinker Built ships that were built with overlapping planks of wood to give them strength against the Atlantic waves
Lateen Sails triangular sails that allowed ships to sail against the wind
Caravel a ship that is clinker built and has lateen sails
Compass an instrument which gives direction
Portolan Charts early navigational maps of the sea
Latitude distance from the equator
Quadrant instrument which gives latitude by looking at the position of the North Star in the sky
Astrolabe instrument
Log and Line way of calculating the speed of a shop by counting knots
Conquistador Spanish word for 'soldier' referring to those who conquered the 'New World' for Spain
Aztec native empire in Mexico, conquered by Cortes
Inca native empire in Peru, conquered by Pizarro
Created by: dkeenaghan