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HIT 104

chapters 15

wrist carpal
knee patella
upper arm humerus
upper leg femur
shin tibia
ankle tarsal
forearm ulna
hip pelvis
collar bone clavicle
shoulder scapula
joint arthro
the shaft of a long bone diaphysis
the end of a long bone epiphysis
inflammation of bursa bursitis
Abnormal stiffening and immobility of a joint ankylosis
Abnormal condition of vertebrae spondylosis
bone softening osteomalacia
Condition of increased porosity of bone with loss of bony tissue and decrease in bone mass. osteoporosis
inflammation of the bone and bone marrow. osteomyelitis
twisted out of shape or position talipes
enlargement of bone or tissue around the joint at the base of the big toe bunion
inflammation and painful swelling of joints caused by excessive uric acid in the body gouty arthritis
chronic joint condition with inflammation and pain rheumatoid
progressive, degenerative joint disease with loss of articular cartilage and hypertrophy of bone. osteoarthritis
curving forward of the thoracic spine kyphosis
abnormal curving of the spine scoliosis
inward curve of the lumbar spine lordorsis
displacement of a bone from its joint dislocation
abnormality in the bone nourishment osteodystrophy
is caused by disease of bones traumatic fracture
incomplete fracture (not broken all the way through) greenstick
(open) the bone is broken and the fragment of bone protrudes through an open wound in the skin compound fracture
(closed) bone is broken but there is no open wound in the skin. simple fracture
bone is splintered and crushed into several pieces comminuted
one fragment is driven firmly into the other impacted
bone collapses compression
fracture in the wrist colles
visual examination of the joint arthroscopy
removal of the lamina laminectomy
stiffening of a joint arthrodesis
lining up the bone to its normal position open/closed reduction
surgical repair of the joint arthroplasty
turning the palm downward pronation
turning the palm upward supination
straightening of a flexed limb extension
bending a limb flexion
movement toward the midline of the body adduction
movement away from the midline of the body abduction
circular movement around a central point rotation
Created by: elegaspi203