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Chapter 18

Chapter 18 Glossary

Autopsy Examination of a dead body to determine the cause(s) if death (syn. necropsy)
Bacteriology Branch of science concerned with the study of bacteria
Cytopathology The study of cellular changes in disease
Cytogenetics A branch of genetics concerned with the study of the structure and function of the cell, especially the chromosomes
Clinical Laboratory Place where tests are performed on clinical specimens to get information about the health of a patient as pertaining to the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease
Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) Quality standards for all laboratory testing to ensure accuracy, reliability, and timeliness of patient test results
CLIA waived tests Simple tests that may be performed in non-laboratory settings such as a physicians office
Definitive Identification Identification of the genus and species of the microorganism
Forensic Pertaining to or applicable to personal injury, murder, and other legal proceedings
Gross Examination of the entire specimen without sectioning of the specimen into thin slides to be examined without the use of a microscope
Hematology The medical specialty pertaining to the anatomy, physiology, pathology, symptomology and therapeutics related to blood and blood forming tissues
Immunology The study of the immune system, its components and function
In Vitro Studies performed within the living body
Microbiology The study of microorganisms, including fungi, protozoa, bacteria and viruses
Microscopy (Microscopic) Examination under a microscopic of minute objects
Molecular Diagnostics The measurement of DNA, RNA, proteins or metabolites to detect genotypes, mutations or biochemical changes
Mycology The study of fungi, their identification, classification, edibility, cultivation, and biology, including pathogenicity
Necropsy Examination of a dead body and organs to determine the cause(s) of death (syn. autopsy)
Panel A group of tests performed together and listed in the code description
Pathology The medical science and specialty practice concerned with the study of diseased tissue and cells
Presumptive Identification Identification of a microorganism based on the growth patterns, color, success in culturing the specimen in certain media, etc
Parasitology The branch of biology and medicine concerned with the study of parasites
Qualitative A test determining the presence or absence of a drug
Quantitative A test identifying not only the presence or absence of a drug, but the exact amount present
Semi-quantitative Test identifying the amount of an analyte within a specified range but does not identify a specific quantity
Virology The study of viruses and of viral disease
Created by: BBracha



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