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American Government

Study Flashcards for American Government

What courts derive their power from the Constitution and federal laws? Federal Courts
A trial court has what jurisdictions? original jurisdiction
People engaged in lawsuits are called what? people engaged in lawsuits are called litigants
A formal accusation handed down by the grand jury is what? indictment
What is the court of last resort in all questions of federal law Supreme court
The explanation for the Supreme Court's decision is called what? Majority opinion
A state may not take a person's life, liberty, or property without what? due process
If you are registered to vote or have a driver's license, you may be called for what? jury duty
Without what freedom there would be no political parties and no interest groups to influence the action of government freedom of assembly
If you advocate revolution, you will be punished for what? sedition
Labor unions have the right to what? picket
Who are the keepers of this country's rights? citizens
The Constitution of the United States guarantees certain basic rights in the what? Bill of Rights
Newspaper reporters may be protected by what? shield laws
The Constitution assigns the power to control immigration to what? constitution
The ultimate source of political power in the US is what? The People of the US
Under what rule a person cannot be tried twice for the same crime? double jeopardy
Before becoming naturalized citizens, immigrants are what? resident aliens
People who flee to another country to escape persecution of danger are called what? refugees
The process that grants immigrants the rights and privileges of citizenship is called what? naturalization
The separation of one group of people from the larger group is called what? Segregation
What is the chief way the federal government raises revenue? individual income taxes
What is a 12-month accounting period called? fiscal year
Who has the power to raise revenue and pass appropriations? Congress
What is the biggest entitlement program? medicalaid
What do you cal the guiding strategies and goals that direct U.S. relations with other countries? foreign strategy
Who does the Constitution give the power to declare war to? Congress
What term means protecting US borders and territories against invasion? National Invasion
What political philosophy means to be involved in world affairs? neoconservative
How may years can a president serve in office? 8 years ( Two 4-year terms)
What system is often called a winner-take-all system? electoral college
What term means two houses of congress? Congress
What are the qualifications for election to the Senate? must be at least 30 yrs, US citizen for at least 9 yrs, must be resident in state that they are trying to get elected
Poland, Mexico, and South Africa are examples of what type of government system? democracy
What was the catalyst for Poland's transition to democracy? National Security
What ancient Greek scholar was one of the first students of government? aristole
What are features of all the states in today's world? borders and governments
What system of government gives all key powers to the national government? Federal
What was the colonial plan for self-rule, signed in 1620 by the Pilgrims, called? Mayflower Compact
Why was the Magna Carta important? statutory independence
What man was known as the father of the Constitution? John Adams
Created by: edcarpio