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Kidney Vocab

QuestionAnswer
Urinary System System primarily responsible for water, electrolyte, and acid-base balance and the removal of nitrogen-containing wastes from the blood.
Kidneys Each of a pair of organs in the abdominal cavity of mammals, birds, and reptiles, excreting urine.
Hydronephrosis A condition that typically occurs when one kidney becomes swollen due to the failure of normal drainage of urine from the kidney to the bladder.
Renal Artery The arterial supply of each kidney.
Nephrons Are the structural and functional units of the kidneys and, as such, are responsible for forming urine.
Renal Corpuscle The initial blood-filtering component of a nephron.
Renal Tubule The part of a nephron that leads away from a glomerulus, that is made up of a proximal convoluted tubule, loop of Henle, and distal convoluted tubule, and that empties into a collecting tubule.
Collecting ducts Receives urine from many nephrons, run downward through the medullary pyramids, giving the pyramids a striped appearance.
Glomerular Filtratrion
Oliguria An abnormally low urinary output.
Anuria Failure of the kidneys to produce urine.