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Kidney Vocab.


Urinary System the paired ureters and the single urinary bladder and urethra, provide temporary storage reservoirs for urine or serve as transportation channels to carry it from one body region to another.
Kidneys are located in the lower back, this is not their location.
Hydronephrosis urine that can no longer pass through the ureters backs up and exerts pressure on the kidney tissue.
Renal Artery the arterial supply of each kidney.
Nephrons the structural and functional units of the kidneys and, as such, are responsibles for forming urine.
Renal Corpuscle consist of glomerulus, which is a knot of capillaries, and a cup shaped hollow structure that completely surround the glomerulus like a well-worn baseball glove encloses a ball.
Renal Tubule makes up the rest of the nephron, is about 3 cm long.
Collecting ducts each of which receives urine from man nephrons, run downward through the medullary pyramids, giving the pyramids a striped appearance.
Glomerular Filtration a nonselective, passive process in which fluid passes from the blood into the glomerular capsule part of the renal tubule.
Oliguria an abnormally low urinary output that is between qpp to 400 ml/day.
Anuria it is a less than 100 ml/day, usually indicates that glomerular blood pressure is too low to cause filtration, but it may also result from transfusion reactions and acute inflammation or from crush injuries of the kidneys.



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