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Chapter 13

Chpater 13 Glossary

Bartholin's Gland Two glands located in the vulvar area, slightly below and to either side of the vaginal introitus; also called the greater vestibular glands.
Cerclage Placement of stiches to hold the cervix closed. May be performed during pregnancy to treat an incompetent cervix.
Colpocleisis The vaginal walls are sewn together eliminating prolapse of or through the vagina
Colpopexy Procedure to return the vagina (and sometimes the uterus) to its normal anatomic position in the pelvis.
Colporraphy Any procedure to repair the vagina; typically refers to placating and tacking the weakened fibrous tissue between the bladder and vagina (cystocele) or the rectum and vagina (rectocele)
Conization of the Cervix Removal of a cone-shaped piece of mucosal tissue from the cervix, as a biopsy and/or to treat hyperplasia. If performed with a loop electrode, it may be referred to as a LEEP conization
Corpus Uteri The main body, or fundus, of the uterus, above the cervix
Diltation and Curettage (D&C) Dilation means enlarging or stretching and curettage means scraping
Ectopic Pregnancy Life threatening condition to the mother when a fertilized egg implants outside the uterus developing in the fallopian tube, cervix, wall of the uterus (interstitial), abdomen, or ovary
Fulguration The destruction of tissue, usually malignant tumors, by means of a high frequency electric current applied with a needle like electrode
Gravida The number of times a woman has been pregnant. G2 P2 indicates two pregnancies and two live births
Hymenotomy A fold of mucous membrane surrounds or partially covers the external vaginal opening, called hymen. When this membrane completely covers the vaginal opening, or is too tough, surgery may be used to cut it away
Hysterectomy Removal of the uterus
Induced Abortion Intentional termination of pregnancy. SYN: medical A, therapeutic , or elective A
Inroitus Opening from outside of the body into the vagina. It is located in the vulva
Lysis Destruction; in relation to scar tissue or adhesions. It can be used by itself or can be used as a suffix, as adhesiolysis, which means destruction of adhesions
Marsupialization Surgery used to cut an opening in the top of an abscess pocket. The leaflets created by this procedure are pulled away from the pocket and attached to the surrounding skin with stitches or glue, creating a pouch. This can be performed using a scalpel, sci
Missed Abortion The fetus dies before completion of 22 weeks of gestation but the products of conception are retained
Para The number of live births. G2 P2 indicates two pregnancies and two live births
Perineum Area between the pubic symphysis and the coccyx, between the legs. This word can refer to only the superficial structures in this region, or it can be used to include both superficial and deep structures
Pessary A flexible ring placed in the vagina, helps support the pelvic floor and treat prolapse and incontinence
Skene's Gland Located in the vulvar area, several glands found on the anterior wall of the vagina around the lower end of the urethra, They also are called the lesser vestibular glands, or periurethral glands
Spontaneous Abortion Miscarriage or natural loss of pregnancy when there is an expulsion of products of conception before completion of 22 weeks of gestation
Post-partum Period of time after child birth
Urethrocele Condition resulting from vaginal prolapse, resulting in prolapse of the urethra
Urethrovaginal Fistula An abnormal opening between the urethra and the vagina. Occurs with prolapse or development of an urethrocele; or because of previous surgery in the area
Vaginal Septum A congenital anomaly. Extra tissue divides the vagina either longitudinally or horizontally. A longitudinal vaginal septum sometimes is called a double vagina
Vulva The external female genitalia including labia majora and minora, mons pubis, clitoris, vestibule (introitus) of the vagina, and the urethra
Created by: BBracha