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Chemical Texture Svc

Perms

QuestionAnswer
Hair services that cause a chemical change that permanently alters the natural wave pattern of the hair are called: A.thermal waving B.chemical texture services C.wet setting D.haircoloring services B.chemical texture services
A strong, compact cuticle makes for: A.damaged hair B.easily permed hair C.resistant hair D.porous hair C.resistant hair
Porous, damaged or chemically treated hair requires a perm solution that is: A.high pH B.more alkaline C.stronger D.less alkaline D.less alkaline
Changing the natural wave pattern of the hair is made possible by the breaking of the: A.side bonds B.peptide bonds C. end bonds D. polypeptide chains A.side bonds
Of the three types of side bonds, disulfide bonds are the: A. most easily broken B. strongest C. weakest D. most numerous B. strongest
Salt bonds are easily broken by: A.water B. blow-dryers C. changes in pH D.high humidity C. changes in pH
An example of a physical change is a: A.chemical relaxing B.soft curl permanent C.permanent wave D. wet set D. wet set
Hydrogen bonds are very weak, but they account for about ___ of the hair's total strength. A. 1/2 B.1/3 C. 1/4 D. 1/6 B.1/3
By making a point of keeping accurate, up-to-date client records, you will: A.take longer to perform a service B.annoy the client C. improve your technical skills D.repeat past mistakes C. improve your technical skills
The most important factors to consider in a hair analysis for chemical texture services are texture, density, porosity, elasticity and: A. length B. hairline C. color D. growth direction D. growth direction
Hair texture is described with the terms: A. porous and resistant B. coarse, medium, and fine C. straight, wavy, curly. coiled D. high and low B. coarse, medium, and fine
When treated with chemical texture services, coarse hair is usually: A. easier to process B. more susceptable to damage C. harder to penetrate D. more fragile C. harder to penetrate
The hair texture that is the most fragile and easiest to process with permanent waving solution is: A. fine hair B. porous hair C. medium hair D. coarse hair A. fine hair
The single most important factor in determining the ability of hair to hold a curl is: A. density B. elasticity C. porosity D. texture B. elasticity
Wet hair with normal elasticity can stretch up to ___ percent of its original length and then return to that length without breaking. A. 50 B. 80 C. 25 D. 70 A. 50
The first part of any perm, wrapping the hair on perm rods, causes a/an: A. disulfide bond change B. chemical change C. end bond change D. physical change D. physical change
The second part of any perm, the application of waving solution and neurtalizer, causes a: A. physical change B. chemical change C. hydrogen bond change D. peptide bond change B. chemical change
The major difference between a wet set and a perm is the: A. size of the wrapping tools B. type of end bonds broken C. type of wrapping tool D. type of side bonds broken D. type of side bonds broken
The size of the perm tool determines the: A. base control B. placement of the curl C. size of the curl D. base direction C. size of the curl
Wrapping the hair on small tools increases the: A. tension B. curl size C. side bonds broken D. hydrogen bonds broken A. tension
For perm wrapping, the hair is divided into panels, than into: A. partings B. base controls C.subpanels D. base sections D. base sections
The position of the tool in relation to its base section is called the: A. base control B. base direction C. tool angle D. wrapping technique A. base control
Base control is determined by the angle: A. in which the hair is combed B. of the hair to the length of the tool C. at which the tool is positioned on the head D. at which the hair is wrapped D. at which the hair is wrapped
The hair is wrapped at an angle 45 degrees beyond perpendicular to its base section in: A. half-off-base placement B. on-base placement C. cross-base placement D. off-base placement B. on-base placement
In off-base placement, the hair is wrapped ___ to its base section. A. 45 degrees above perpendicular B. parallel C. 45 degrees below perpendicular D. perpendicular (90 degrees) C. 45 degrees below perpendicular
Because it places additional stress and tension on the hair, caution should be used with: A. off-base placement B. croquignole wrapping C. spiral wrapping D. on-base placement D. on-base placement
Of the various base controls, the least amount of volume is created by using: A. off-base placement B.on-base placement C. croquignole placement D. half-off-base placement A. off-base placement
The angle at which the perm tool is positioned on the head is referred to as the: A. base section B. base control C. wrapping technique D. base direction D. base direction
The wrapping technique in which the hair is wrapped from the ends to the scalp in overlapping layers is called: A. basic wrapping B. croquignole wrapping C. spiral wrapping D. circular wrapping B. croquignole wrapping
In the spiral perm wrapping technique, the hair is wrapped: A. in overlapping layers B. at a perpendicular angle C.at an angle other than perpendicular D. from ends to scalp only C.at an angle other than perpendicular
Rods with a smaller circumference in the center than at the ends are called: A. convex rods B. tapered rods C. straight rods D. concave rods D. concave rods
Rods with the same circumference along their entire length or curling area are called: A. straight rods B. tapered rods C. convex rods D. concave rods A. straight rods
The distinguishing feature of soft bender rods is that they can be: A. used with a croquignole wrap B. fastened to form a circle C. bent into many shapes D. used with a spiral wrap C. bent into many shapes
Circle tools or loop rods are ideal for: A. wrapping small sections B. croquignole wrapping short hair C. wrapping very short hair D. spiral wrapping very long hair D. spiral wrapping very long hair
End wraps are absorbent papers used when winding hair on perm tools to: A. control the hair ends B. absorb moisture C. control elasicity D. maintain moisture A. control the hair ends
When you place one end paper over the top of the hair strand as you wrap it around the perm tool, it is called a: A. double flat wrap B. single flat wrap C.one-way wrap D. bookend wrap B. single flat wrap
When you fold one end paper in half over the hair ends like an envelope, it is called a: A. bookend wrap B. double end paper wrap C. single end paper wrap D. half wrap A. bookend wrap
The end paper technique that provides the most control over the ends and keeps them evenly distributed is the: A. bookend wrap B. single flat wrap C. convex wrap D. double flat wrap D. double flat wrap
Permanent waving solution breaks the disulfide bonds in the cortex through a chemical reaction called: A. subtraction B. sydrogenation C. reduction D. oxidation C. reduction
In permanent waving solutions, thiol compounds act as: A. reducing agents B. oxidizing agents C. neurtalizing agents D. alkalizing agents A. reducing agents
Ammonium thioglycolate is produced by adding ___ to thioglycolic acid. A. alcohol B. neutralizer C. hydrogen peroxide D. ammonia D. ammonia
Alkaline waves are also called: A. acid-balanced waves B. low-pH waves C. cold waves D. ammonia-free waves C. cold waves
Most true acid waves: A. have a pH between 3 & 5 B. process quickly C. produce a very firm curl D. pequire heat to speed processing D. pequire heat to speed processing
Most of the acid waves in today's salons have a pH between: A. 6.5 & 7.0 B. 7.8 & 8.2 C. 7.0 & 9.6 D. 4.5 & 7.0 B. 7.8 & 8.2
Permanent waves that require heat from an outside source, usually a hair dryer, are called: A. acid-balanced B. alkaline C. endothermic D. exothermic C. endothermic
One benefit of ammonia-free waves is that they: A. are good for very resistant hair B. have no unpleasant ammonia odor C. are less alkaline than ammonia solutions D. are less damaging than ammonia solutions B. have no unpleasant ammonia odor
In permanent waving, most of the processing takes place as soon as the solution penetrated the hair, within the first: A. 5 to 10 minutes B. 3 to 5 minutes C. 15 to 30 minutes D. 10 to 15 minutes A. 5 to 10 minutes
Complete saturation of the hair is essential to proper processing in all permanent waves, but especially on: A. thick hair B. porous hair C. fine hair D. resistant hair D. resistant hair
A properly processed permanent wave should break and rebuild about ___ % of the hair's disulfide bonds. A. 50 B. 90 C. 75 D. 25 A. 50
If the hair is underprocessed: A. too many disulfide bonds are broken B. the hair is overly softened C. the hair is curlier at the scalp D. too few disulfide bonds are broken D. too few disulfide bonds are broken
Neutralizer performs two functions, deactivating any remaining waving solution in the hair and: A. rebuilding broken disulfide bonds B. conditioning the hair C. re-forming broken hydrogen bonds D. breaking remaining disulfide bonds A. rebuilding broken disulfide bonds
The chemical reaction involved in neutralizing is: A. hydrogenation B. activating C. oxidation D. reduction C. oxidation
Perm solution should be rinsed from the hair for at least: A. 3 minutes B. 8 minutes C. 10 minutes D. 5 minutes D. 5 minutes
Perm solution should be rinsed from the hair before neutralizing to avoid scalp irritation and : A. underprocessing B. lightening the hair color C. neutralizing the perm solution D. darkening the hair color B. lightening the hair color
After rinsing perm solution from the hair, the next step is to: A. remove the rods B. apply more waving solution C. blot the rods with towels D. apply neutralizer C. blot the rods with towels
An optional step after blotting the hair before applying neutralizer is to: A. apply a pre-neutralizing conditioner B. wash with a gentle shampoo C. rinse a second time D. apply protective cream A. apply a pre-neutralizing conditioner
The hydrogen atoms in the broken disulfide bonds are so strongly attracted to the oxygen in the netralizer that they release their bonds with the: A. sulfur atoms B. nitrogen atoms C. salt bonds D. sodium A. sulfur atoms
Unless the scalp is irritated, hair that has just been premed may be colored with: A. oxidation haircolor B. demipermanent haircolor C. a double-process color application D. permanent haircolor B. demipermanent haircolor
It is safe to perm hair that: A. has been colored with metallic haircolor B. has been treated with hydroxide relaxer C. shows signs of breakage D. has been treated with thio relaxer D. has been treated with thio relaxer
Metallic salts leave a coating on the hair that may cause severe discoloration, hair breakage or: A. uneven curls B. mild odor C. hair straightening D. smooth curls A. uneven curls
To test for metallic salts in the hair, immerse at least 20 strands in a mixture of peroxide and: A. thio B. bleach C. alcohol D. ammonia D. ammonia
The basic perm wrap is also called a: A. bricklay perm wrap B. weave technique C. straight set wrap D. curvature perm wrap C. straight set wrap
The perm wrap that creates a movement that curves within sectioned-out panels is the: A. weave technique B. straight perm wrap C. bricklay perm wrap D. curvature perm wrap D. curvature perm wrap
Zigzag partings are used to divide base areas in the perm wrapping technique called the: A. bricklay perm B. spiral techinque C. weave techinque D. curvature perm C. weave techinque
The double tool perm technique is also called the: A. curvature wrap B. spiral technique C. bricklay wrap D. piggyback wrap D. piggyback wrap
The spiral perm technique: A. uses two tools on one strand of hair B. produces a uniform curl form scalp to ends C. follow the curvature of the head D. is particulary suited for short hair B. produces a uniform curl form scalp to ends
To determine the proper processing time needed for optimal curl development, you should do: A. preliminary test curl B. a strand test C. an elasticity test D. a patch test A. preliminary test curl
When giving a partial perm, you can make a smooth transition from a rolled to an unrolled section by using a ___ as the last tool next to an unrolled section. A. concave tool B. circle tool C. pin curl D. larger tool D. larger tool
The process of rearranging the basic structure of extrememly curly hair into a straight form is called: A. thermal hair relaxing B. chemical hair waving C. chemical hair relaxing D. permanent waving C. chemical hair relaxing
Chemical hair relaxing is very similar to: A. permanent haircoloring B. permanent waving C. hair pressing D. thermal waving B. permanent waving
All relaxers and permanents change the shape of the hair by: A. creating hydrogen bonds B. breaking hydrogen bonds C. creating disulfide bonds D. breaking disulfide bonds D. breaking disulfide bonds
Most relaxers contain the same ingredients used in: A. permanent haircolors B. temporary haircolors C. depilatories D. epilators C. depilatories
Extrmemly curly hair: A. has a uniform diameter B. has varying diameters C. is very strong D. is thickest at the twists B. has varying diameters
Extremely curly hair is weakest at the : A. midshaft B. base C. ends D. twists D. twists
Thio relaxers: A. have a pH above 10 B. use less ATG than in perming C. harden the hair D. fo not use a reducing agent A. have a pH above 10
Each step in the pH scale represents a ___ change in concentration. A. twofold B. twentyfold C. hundredfold D. tenfold D. tenfold
Hydroxide relaxers remove one atom of sulfur from a disulfide bond and convert it into a lanthionine bond in a process called: A. reduction B. neutralization C. lanthionzation D. oxidation C. lanthionzation
The disulfide bonds that are broken by hydroxide relaxers: A. can never be re-formed B. are re-formed by lanthionization C. are changed into hydrogen bonds D. are re-formed by neutralizer A. can never be re-formed
The neutralization of hydrogen relaxers involves the use of: A. oxidizing neutralizer B. acid-balanced shampoo C. high-pH shampoo D. hydrogen peroxide B. acid-balanced shampoo
If you have treated a client's hair with a hydroxide relaxer, it cannont be treated with: A. future hydroxide relaxers B. thermal waving C. soft curl permanents D. permanent haircolor C. soft curl permanents
Metal hydroxide relaxers are ionic compounds formed by a metal combined with: A. oxygen and nitrogen B. nitrogen and hydrogen C. hydrogen and sulfer D. oxygen and hydrogen D. oxygen and hydrogen
Sodium hydroxide relaxers are commonly called: A. no-lye relaxers B. lye relaxers C. no-mix no-lye relaxers D. low-pH relaxers B. lye relaxers
A chemical relaxer that straightens the hair completely but with much less scalp irritation than other hydroxide relaxers is: A. guanidine hydroxide relaxer B. sodium hydroxide relaxer C. lithium hydroxide relaxer D. low-pH relaxer A. guanidine hydroxide relaxer
Chemical relaxers marketed as mild alternative relaxers are: A. guanidine hydroxide relaxer B. sodium hydroxide relaxer C. lithium hydroxide relaxer D.sulfites D.sulfites
Mild strength relaxers are recommended for fine, damaged or: A. medium-curly hair B. medium-texture hair C. color-treated hair D. coarse, extremely curly hair C. color-treated hair
The application for a virgin relaxer begins: A.1/4" to 1/2" away from the scalp B. along the entire strand C. at the scalp D. at the new growth A.1/4" to 1/2" away from the scalp
Relaxer should be applied to the most resistant area first, which is usually the: A.front hairline B. temples C. back of the head D.nape C. back of the head
Normalizing solutions are conditioners with an acidic pH that are used in a relaxing porcedure: A. prior to shampooing B.before applying relaxer C.after shampooing D. before rinsing out relaxer A. prior to shampooing
To determine if the hair is sufficiently relaxed, do: A. a patch test B. periodic strand testing C. a test curl D. a porosity test B. periodic strand testing
To neutralize hydroxide relaxer, shampoo the hair with an acid-balanced shampoo at least: A. three times B. once C. twice D. five times A. three times
A soft curl permanent: A. relaxes the hair slightly B. makes existing curls larger C. makes tighter curls D. straightens the hair B. makes existing curls larger
A jheri curl or soft curl permanent is a combination of a thio relaxer and: A. thermal waving B. a hydroxide permanent C. a hydroxide relaxer D. a thio permanent D. a thio permanent
In a soft curl permanent, the hair is first relaxed, then wrapped: A. on horizontal base sections B. on base C. off base D. on vertical base sections A. on horizontal base sections
When applying a hydroxide relaxer: A. the client's hair must be damp B. gloves are not necessary C. begin at the scalp and hair ends D. do not shampoo first D. do not shampoo first
You should not attempt to remove more than ___ of the natural curl with chemical relaxing. A. 50% B. 80% C. 30% D. 70% B. 80%
Created by: hodges900