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Chapter 10

HIT 104

paralysis -plegia
excessive sensitiviy to pain -algesia
feeling, nervous sensation -esthesia
weakness -paresis
strength -sthenia
pain -algia
movement -kinesis
speech -phasia
seizure -lepsy
CVA cerebrovascular accident
TIA transient ischemic attack
MS Multiple sclerosis
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
inability to speak aphasia
abnormal feeling parethesia
lack of sensitivity to pain analgesia
nervous exhaustion and fatigue neurasthenia
condition of increased sensation hyperesthesia
inflammation of the meninges meningitis
inflammation of the nerve root radiculitis
record of the spinal cord myelogram
clot of material that travels through the bloodstream and suddenly blocks a vessel embolus
the spinal column is imperfectly joint and part of the meninges and spinal cord can herniate out of the spinal cavity meningoemyelocele
cerebrospinal fluid accumulates in the head hydrocephalus
degeneration of the nerves in the basal ganglia occurring in later life, leading to tremors, shuffling gait, and muscle stiffness; dopamine is deficient in the brain parkinson's disease
collection of blood below the dura mater subdural hematoma
unilateral facial paralysis bell's palsy
congenital defects in the lumbar spinal column caused by imperfect union of vertebral parts. spinal bifida
mental decline and detorioraton dementia
carry messages related to changes in the environment toward the spinal cord and brain afferent nerves
travel from the spinal cord and brain to muscles of the body telling them how to respond efferent nerves
fainting syncope
paralysis of all four limbs of the body quadriplega
slight paralysis in either the right or the left half of the body hemiparesis
viral infection affecting peripheral nerves shingles
no muscular coordination ataxia
inability to carry out familiar purposeful movements apraxia
autoimmune neuromuscular disorder characterized by weakness of voluntary muscles myasthenia gravis
destruction of the myelin sheath on neurons in the CNS and its replacement by plaques of sclerotic tissue multiple sclerosis
difficulty learning dyslexia
heredity disorder marked by degenerative changes in the cerebrum leading to abrupt involuntary movements and mental deterioration. huntington's disease
degenerative disorder of motor neurons in the spinal cord and brainstem lou gehrig's disease
is a familiar condition of artarial insufficiency raynaud's phenomenon
Created by: elegaspi203