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Reading Vocabulary

5th Grade Reading Vocabulary-Words you may see while MCA and STAR testing

viewpoint the circumstances of an individual that lead to an attitude, opinion, or belief
metaphor a figure of speech comparing two unlike things WITHOUT using "like" or "as"
idiom An expression that cannot be understood if taken literally (ex- "Get your head out of the clouds").
onomatopoeia words that represent sounds (ex-sizzle, oink, meow)
persuade advising or urging one to believe by appealing to reason or understanding
antonym a word that means the opposite of another word
theme message, lesson, moral, or statement about life in the story
synonym a word that means the same as another word
rising action central part of a story during which various problems arise, leading up to climax
personification inanimate objects are given human qualities or are represented as possessing human form
point of view the perspective from which a story is told (first person, second person, third person)
adage/proverb an anonymous saying regarding advice or wisdom, example: "A penny saved is a penny earned"
conflict the problem or problems characters face in a story
details pieces of information that support or tell more about the main idea
climax the point of highest interest, the conflict must be resolved one way or another or a character begins to take action to end the conflict
main idea what a piece of writing is mainly about and what the central message is, very similar to theme
simile a figure of speech comparing two unlike things using "like" or "as"
moral a message conveyed or a lesson to be learned from a story or event
setting the time and place of a story
falling action that part of the story which follows the climax or turning point; it contains the action or dialogue necessary to lead the story to a resolution or ending
alliteration repetition of beginning sounds (ex-Polly eats pizza properly)
contrast to find the differences
chronological order putting events in order from what happened first to last
compare to find the similarities
plot the sequence of events in a story
resolution/solution the ending to the story that states the final outcome of the conflict and/or what might lie ahead for the characters in the story.
inference a conclusion one draws (infers) based on premises or evidence
characterization method used by a writer to develop a character
cause make (something, typically something bad) happen
effect a change that is a result of a cause
summary a brief statement of the main points of something
genre a particular type or category of literature or art (ex-realistic fiction, fantasy, mystery, informational, historical fiction)
figurative language language employing one or more figures of speech (simile, metaphor, imagery, etc.)
homonym a word spelled exactly like another word, but having a different meaning
literary element parts of a literary piece; character, setting, plot, theme, ending/resolution
Created by: ashleymohn