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STEP 1 2010-1 11-20

英検1級 2

TermDefinitionExample
perforation a hole, or one of a series of holes, bored or punched through something an infection that can cause perforation of the intestine
protrusion the act of thrusting or causing to thrust forwards or outwards bony protrusions on the outside of the elbow
misgiving a feeling of doubt about something I felt some misgiving about his ability to do the job.
mishap a small mistake or amount of bad luck : an unlucky accident or mistake The ceremony proceeded without mishap.
dainty something delicious to the taste The widow plied her suitor with dainties and endless glasses of sherry
invoke to mention (someone or something) in an attempt to make people feel a certain way or have a certain idea in their mind She invoked history to prove her point.
purvey to make (something, such a product) available : to supply or provide (something) for use a shop purveying handmade merchandise
vilify to say or write very harsh and critical things about (someone or something) He was vilified in the press for his comments.
wrench to twist and pull with a sudden violent motion He wrenched his back when he tried to lift a heavy box.
quench to stop (a fire) from burning : to put out (a fire) We thoroughly quenched the campfire before we headed to bed
clench These failures underscore the difficulty of what we're attempting to do. He clenched his teeth and continued to look straight ahead. He clenched his fists in anger.
dilapidate to bring into a condition of decay or partial ruin
subjugate to defeat and gain control of (someone or something) by the use of force : to conquer and gain the obedience of (a group of people, a country, etc.) The emperor's armies subjugated the surrounding lands.
conflate to bring together : confuse be careful not to conflate gossip with real news
rejuvenate to make (someone) feel or look young, healthy, or energetic again Each candidate claims to have a plan to rejuvenate the sagging economy.
perjury the crime of telling a lie in a court of law after promising to tell the truth
dowry money or property that a wife or wife's family gives to her husband when the wife and husband marry in some cultures
truant one who shirks duty; especially : one who stays out of school without permission
memento something that is kept as a reminder of a person, place, or thing a collection of photographs and mementos
harbinger something that shows what is coming Her father's successful job interview was seen as a harbinger of better times to come
spasm a sudden uncontrolled and often painful tightening of a muscle a disease that causes muscle spasms
sojourn a period of time when you stay in a place as a traveler or guest Our family enjoyed a two-week sojourn in the mountains.
rampage to act or move in a wild and usually destructive way some crazy guy went on a rampage in the public library and started grabbing books off the shelves and tossing them around
reverie a state in which you are thinking about pleasant things I was lost in reverie and didn't realize my flight was boarding until it was almost too late.
contravene to fail to do what is required by (a law or rule) The overcrowded dance club contravened safety regulations.
upend to cause (something) to be upside down : to turn (something) over The security inspector upended my bag and dumped everything out.
debase to lower the value or reputation of (someone or something) : to make (someone or something) less respected The governor debased himself by lying to the public.
underscore to emphasize (something) or show the importance of (something) These failures underscore the difficulty of what we're attempting to do.
lethargic feeling a lack of energy or a lack of interest in doing things A big meal always makes me feel lethargic and sleepy
pandemic occurring over a wide geographic area and affecting an exceptionally high proportion of the population The 1918 flu pandemic claimed millions of lives.
Created by: na235