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Civics Flashcards

Civics Flashcard Project (100 cards)

QuestionAnswer
1. What are the 5 fundamental political principles of government? Consent of the governed, Limit government, Democracy, Representative Government
2. What does "consent of the government" mean? people agree to be ruled, people are the source of government power. (popular sovereignty)
3. What does "limited government" mean? government is not all-powerful, restriction/limits by a written constitution.
4. What does "representative government" mean? the people elect officials to govern them
5. What does "democracy" mean? Rule by the people
6. What does "rule of law" mean? all people, including elected officials must obey the law.
7.Which early American document guaranteed the rights of Englishmen to colonist? Charters of Virginia Company of London
8.What document was written by George Mason and served as a model/example for the U.S. Bill of Rights? Virginia Declaration of Rights
9.What document by Thomas Jefferson and served as a model for the First Amendment's freedom of religion? Virginia Statute of Religious
10. Why is the Declaration of Interdependence important? stated we have unalienable rights all mean are created equal, not a plan of government, take away consent to be govern
11. What was the first plan of government for the United States and why did it fail? Articles of Confederation: gave states sovereignty created weak central government
12. What is the Preamble and what does it do? Introduction to the U.S. Constitution "We the people" states the purposes/ goals of government
13. What is the written plan of government for the United States? The Constitution of United States
14. What is federalism? division of power between state and national governmet
15. What are the powers set aside for the states called? reserved powers
16. What happens if a U.S. law conflicts with a state law? The U.S. law wins
17. What are implied powers? The legislative powers used to carry out expressed powers
18. What are powers the federal or state governments may NOT have? that are reserved to the other form of government
19. What are the powers given specifically to Congress in the Constitution called? Expressed Powers
20. What are the 3 levels of federal courts? U.S. Supreme Court, U.S. Court of Appeals, and U.S. District Court
21. What are the 4 levels of state courts? Virginia Supreme Court, Virginia Court of Appeals, Circuit Court, and General District Court
22.What is the process for bringing a civil and criminal case to trail? arrested, bail, arraignment, and trial
23. What group makes laws for Virginia? Executive Branch
24. What is the lawmaking process? How does a bill become a law? Introduce, Work, Debate, Voting, and Sign
25. What is a veto? Is the denying of a bill turning into a law. The president can either approve the bill or veto it.
26. What is the role of a lobbyist? seeking to influence legislators, to introduce or vote for or against a bill
27. What does the executive branch include? The president, VIP, cabinet, is executive departments, regulatory commissions and agencies.
28. What is due process and were is it mentioned in the U.S. Constitution? 5th and 14th Amendments to the Constitution fair treatment by the government
29. What is the legislative branch of the local government? County Board of Supervisors, city-council....
30. What positions does the VA Constitution require local government? sheriff, a clerk of court, a com-miser of revenue, and a treasurer
31. What is the role of the media in elections? Focuses Public attention, offering a forum which is opposing view points, holding officials accountable to the public
32. What are the primary responsibilities of the national government versus the state? National: Conducts foreign policy, regulates commerce, and provides for the common defense. State: promotes public health, safety, and welfare.
33. Describe the national legislative branch.... It makes the laws, consists of a bicameral legislative: House of Representative (435 members based on population) and Congress (100 members, 2 per state)
34. How does the executive branch influence policy-making? The president signs or veto a bill into a law
35. What is judicial review? is an important check on the legislative branch and executive branch. They call if laws are consitutional
36. What Supreme Court case established judicial review? Marbury v. Madison
37. Describe the system of checks and balances. Give Examples. each branch checks what each other are doing and makes sure that everything functions
38. What are the qualifications to vote? Citizen of United States, Resident of Virginia, at least 18 years old
39. What factors determine who is more likely to vote? Education, age, and income
40. What are PACs and what do they do? helps with payment for elections stands for political action comity.
41. What are the functions of political parties? recruit and nominate candidates, education the electorate, helping candidates, and monitoring offices.
42. How do third parties differ from the major parties? introduce new ideas or press for particular issue.
43. What are the major political parties and how are they different form each other? demarcates and republicans are the two major parties and they differ because of their platforms.
44. How has the high cost of getting elected changed campaigning for public office? it requires fundraising, limits opportunities, gives advantage to wealthy individuals.
45. Explain how the electoral college works. It is used to select president and vice president, they elect on president and the one with the most votes wins the state.
46. What are magistrates? civil officer or lay judge who administers the law, especially one who conducts a court that deals with minor offenses and holds preliminary hearings for more serious ones.
47. What is the difference between original and appellate jurisdiction? has the power to hear a case for the first time while appellate has power to review a lower court's decision.
48. Who heads the executive branch at each of the 3 levels of government? The president
49. Who nominates and confirms Supreme Court justices? The Senate
50. What did Brown v. Board of Education say? That separate but equal was not legal
51. What is our national legislature called? Congress and House of Representatives
52. What does bicameral mean? having two branches
53. None of the 3 branches of government is stronger than one another due to the system of.... check and balances
54. What are the two houses of Congress called? House of Representatives and Senated
55. How is representation determined in the House of Representatives? Population of the state
56. What are the roles of the President and Governor? chief of state, chief legislature, party chief, commander and chief.
57. What is the name of the President's annual speech to Congress? State of Union Address
58. What are the 3 branches of government and what do they do? Legislative-makes laws, Executive-carry out laws, and Judicial- checks if laws are constitutional.
59. What are the units of local government? executive, legislature, judicial
60. What is the difference between civil and criminal law? civil law concerns with parties disagreement while criminal is a act against laws.
61. Which courts have jury trials? general district courts, District court
62. What freedoms are guaranteed by the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution? religion, press, speech, assembly, petition
63. How are amendments added to the U.S. Constitution? action by Congress or convection and Ratification from states
64. How can the Constitution of Virginia be amended? Proposed by General Assembly and Ratification from voters of Virginia.
65. How does and individual become a U.S. citizen? by birth or naturalization
66. What are the steps involved in naturalization? demonstrate knowledge of American history and principles and the ability to read, speak, and write words in ordinary usage in the English language.
67. What are the duties of citizenship? laws, pay taxes, obey, armed forces, serve on jury
68. What is your #1 civic responsibility? What are some other responsibilities of citizens? registering and voting – communicating with government officials – participating in political campaigns – keeping informed about current issue – respecting differing opinions in a diverse society
69. How do citizens demonstrate thoughtful and effective participation in civic life? they show by fulfilling their roles of citizens by doing their duties and responsibilities of a good citizen.
70. What does separation of powers mean? an act of the different jobs of the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate branches.
71. Which officials are locally elected? by voters of the state or city council members
72. Which powers do local governments exercise? enforce state and local laws, promote public health, protect public safety, educate children, protect the environment, regulate land use, levy and collect taxes
73. How do localities enact ordinances? An elected board of supervisors which adopts and annual budget helps enact ordinances along with a town council
74. How do individuals and interest group influence public policy? Lobbying, participating in politics, expressing opinions, joining interest groups, identifying issues, making political contributions, lobbying government officials.
75. Which international issue would require local government officials to act? public health concerns in the even to a pandemic, public safety in the even of terrorism, economic development policies in response to emerging global economy, polices to protect wild life.
76. What are the 3 basic economic questions all societies must answer? What will be produced, Who will produce it, For whom will be produced for?
77. What does scarcity mean? the inability to satisfy all wants at the same tie because resources are limited.
78. Name and describe the 4 major economic systems. Traditional, Free Market, Command, Mixed
79. What type of economy does the United States have? Mixed Economy
80. What are the 5 essential characteristics of the United States economy? Free Market, Competition, Profit, Consumer Sovereignty, Private Property
81. Describe what choice and opportunity cost mean in the U.S. economy. Opportunity Cost is given up when choice is made
82. Define price and explain how it is determined in the U.S. economy? the amount of money exchanged for a good or service, interaction of supply and demand determine price. Price determines who acquire goods and services.
83. Name and explain the 4 resources or factors of production. Natural, Capital, Human-Resources, and Entrepreneurship
84. Define incentives. are things that incite or motivate, are used to change people's behavior
85. Define supply and demand. the amount of the product that the producer is willing to sell the amount of the product they are willing to buy
86. Describe production and consumption. production- combining resources to make goods and services Consumption- using and buying goods and services
87. List and describe the 3 basic types of business ownership in the U.S. sole proprietorship, partnerships, corporations
88. How do individual/households, businesses/producers and the government interact in the U.S. economy? they exchange money, good and services and recourses in a continuous flow
89. What are private financial institutions and what do they do? banks, credit unions, saving and loans they pay interest on savings accept deposits and make loans Intermediate between savers and borrowers
90. What is the role of Federal Reserve System? to keep the economy growing at a stable and steady rate. to control the amount of money in circulation bank for banks and U.S.
91. What is the role of the U.S. government in protecting consumer right and property rights? to regulate businesses by enforcing contracts and passing laws and credit agencies
92. Which amendment gave the government the authority to tax personal incomes of citizen? 16th admendment
93. How do financial institutions encourage saving and investing? paying interest on savings
94. What are public goods and services? goods and services provided by the government for the benefit of the citizens
95. How do governments produce public goods and services? through tax revenue
96. How does the government influence economic activity? by taxing and spending, by controlling monetary police, the amount of money in circulation, by promoting competition
97. How does the United States government promote and regulate competition? by passing laws to discourage monopolies, supporting start up, and global trade
98. Name and describe 3 executive branch agencies that regulate businesses. FCC- Communications EPA- Environment FTC- Trade
99. Why do Virginia and the United States trade with other nations? to increase wealth, to obtain products hey do not make themselves
100. What is the impact of technological innovation on world trade? contributes to the global flow of formatting goods and services and technology
Created by: 3107799