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Chapter 11

Chapter 11 Glossary

Anatomosis Surgical connection of tublar structures
Anoscopy Procedure that uses a scope to examine the anus
Bariatric Surgery Gastric restrictive procedures that are used to treat morbid obesity and are accomplished by placing a restrictive device around the stomach decrease it functional size
Barium Enema Radiographic contrast medium enhanced examination of the colon
Biliary Gallbladder, bile, or bile duct
Bypass To go around
Calculus Concretion of mineral salts, also called a stone
Cholangiography Radiographic recording of the bile ducts
Cholangiopancreatography Radiographic recording of the biliary system and pancreas
Cholecystectomy Surgical removal of the gallbladder
Cholecystoenterostomy Creation of a connection between the gallbladder and the intestine
Cholecystography Radiographic recording of the gallbladder
Colonscopy Endoscopic examination of the entire colon that may include part of the terminal ileum
Colostomy Artificial opening between the colon and the abdominal wall
Congenital Exiting from birth
Conscious (Moderate) Sedation A decreased level of consciousness in which the patient is not completely a sleep
Crohn's Disease Regional enteritis
Diaphragm Muscular wall that separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities
Diaphragmatic Hernia Hernia of the diaphragm
Dilatation Expansion
Diverticulum Protrusion of the intestinal wall
Duodenography Radiographic recording of the duodenum, or the first part of the small intestine.
Dysphagia Difficulty swallowing
Endoscopy Inspection of body organs or cavities through an existing opening or through a small incision
Enterolysis Releasing of adhesions of intestine
Puuling Excision of the covering of the larynx
Eventration of Intestines Protrusion of the intestines through the abdominal wall
Evisceration Pulling the visceral outside of the body through an incision
Exenteration Major operation during which an organ is turned inside out
Exstophy Condition in which an organ is turned inside out
Exteriorization To expose an internal structure outside the body for observation, surgery, or experimentation, such creating a passage from the bladder to the abdominal wall
Fistula Abnormal opening from one area to another area or outside of the body
Fluoroscopy Procedure for viewing the interior of the body using x-rays and projecting the image onto a television screen
Fulguration Use of electric current to destroy tissue
Fundoplasty Repair of the bottom of an organ or muscle
Gastrointestinal Pertaining to the stomach and the intestine
Gastroplasty Operation of the stomach and the abdominal wall
Hepatography Radiographic recording of the liver
Hernia Organ or tissue protruding through the wall or cavity that usually contains it
Hyogastric Lowest middle abdominal area
Ileostomy Artificial opening between the ilium and the abdominal wall
Incarcerated A constricted, irreducible hernia that may cause obstruction of the organ contained within the hernia
Intussusception Slipping of one part of the intestine into another part
Jejunostomy Artificial opening between the jejunum and the abdominal wall
Laprascopy Exploration of the abdomen and pelvic cavities using a scope placed through a small incision in the abdominal wall
Lavage Washing of an organ
Marsupialization Surgical procedure that creates an exterior pouch from an internal abscess
Omentum Peritoneal connection between the stomach and other internal organs
Peritoneal Within the lining of the abdominal cavity
Pertioneal Within the lining of the abdominal cavity
Peritoneoscopy Visualization of the abdominal cavity using a scope placed through a small incision in the abdominal wall
Polyp Tumor on pedicle that bleeds easily and may become malignant
Proctosigmoidoscopy Endoscopic examination of the sigmoid colon and rectum
Reanastomosis Reconnection of a previous connection between two places organs or spaces
Rectocele Herniation of the rectal wall through the posterior wall of the vagina
Reducible Able to be corrected or put back to normal position
Sialithotomy Surgical removal of a stone located in the salivary gland or duct
Varices Varicose veins
Volvulus Twisted section of intestine
Created by: BBracha