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The Judicial Branch

QuestionAnswer
What two courts are in the Dual Court System? State Courts and Federal Courts.
Where is the United States Court System derived from? The U.S. Constitution and federal laws.
What does the U.S. Supreme Court have? Justices, no jury; appellate jurisdiction; limited government.
What does the U.S. Court of Appeals have? Judges, no jury; appellate jurisdiction.
What does the U.S. District Court have? Judges, with or without jury; original jurisdiction.
Where is Virginia's court system derived from? Virginia's Constitution and State Laws.
What does the Virginia Supreme Court have? Justices, no jury; appellate jurisdiction; limited original jurisdiction.
What does the Court of Appeals of Virginia have? Judges, no jury; appellate jurisdiction to review decisions of circuit courts.
What does the Circuit Court of Virginia have? Jude, with or without jury; original jurisdiction for felony criminal cases and for certain civil cases; appellate jurisdiction from district courts.
What does the General District Court and Juvenile and Domestics Relations Court have? Judge, no jury; original jurisdiction for misdemeanors in civil cases generally involving lower dollar amount and original jurisdiction in juvenile and family cases.
What is it called when the Supreme Courts of the United States and Virginia determine the constitutionally of laws and acts of the executive branch of government? Judicial Review
What is the supreme law of the land? The Constitution
What are the two kinds of legal conflicts? Civil and Criminal
What is a Criminal Case? When a court determines whether a person accused of breaking the law is guilty or not guilty of a misdemeanor or a felony.
What is the procedure for a Criminal Case? ABAT. A- the person is ARRESTED if the police have probable cause. B- the accused may be committed to jail or released on BAIL. A- the case proceeds to an ARRAIGNMENT where the probable cause is reviewed. T- a court date is set, and a TRIAL is conducted.
What is a Civil Case? Where the court settles a disagreement between two parties to recover damages or receive compensation.
What is the procedure for Civil Cases? The PLAINTIFF files a complaint to recover damages or receive compensation. Causes can be heard by a JUDGE or a JURY. Cases can be APPEALED.
What amendments is outlined in what amendments? The 5th and the 14th.
What is due process? The constitutional protection against unfair governmental actions and laws.
What does the 5th and 14th amendment prohibit? The National government from acting in an unfair manner and State and Local governments from acting in an unfair manner.
Created by: 3119244