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Medical Terminology

chapter 11 & 12

Gonads ovaries and testes
ovum female reproductive eggs
Genitalia reproductive organs
Gynecology the study of diseases of the female reproductive organs
Gynecologist a specialist in the studies of the diseases of the female reproductive system.
cervic/o cervix (the back part of the neck of the vagina)
colp/o vagina
gynec/o female
hyster/o uterus
metr/o uterine tissue
oophor/o ovary
salping/o Uterine tube (fallopian tube)
Vulv/o vulva (external genitalia)
-cidal killing
vesic/o bladder, cyst, or sac
genit/o genitals (sexual organs)
gonad/o genitals or reproduction
men/o month
-plasia development or formation
rect/o rectum
Urethr/o urethra
urin/o urine
vulva (external genitalia) consist of... Mons Pubis, Labia Majora. Labia Minora, clitoris, and oopenings of glands
Internal Genitalia consist of.. left ovary and left uterine tube right ovary and right uterine tube uterus vagina special glands
Fallopian Tubes transport the ova to the uterus (womb)
vagina "birth canal" receives the sperm during intercourse
Uterus provides nourishment from the time the fertilized egg is implanted until birth
fetus the latter stages of a developing offspring
ovaries releases eggs and produce hormones
cervical pertaining to the neck or the cervix of the vagina
endometrium tissue that forms the lining of the uterus
myometrium the thick muscular tissue of the uterus
perimetrum membrane that surrounds the uterus
hormones estrogen and progesterone
menses menopause
-ium membrane
speculum an instrument used to examine the inside of a vagina through a cavity
cytology study of cells
pap smear collection and examination of cells from the vagina and cervix
dysplasia abnormalty in shape, growth, and number of cells
colposcopy use of a microscope to magnify the mucosa of the vagina and cervix
laparoscopy examination of the abnormal cavity through one or more incisions of the abdominal wall
hysterosalpingogram x ray of the uterus and uterine tubes
amenorrhea absence of menstrual flow when it is normally expected
dysmenorrhea painful menstruation
menorrhagia excessive flow during menstruation
metrorrhagia bleeding form the uterus at anytime other than during the menstrual period
polyp tumor occurring on a mucus membrane
-cele hernia
fistula abnormal tubelike passage between two internal organs
-ptosis prolapse sagging
Uterine fibroid the most common benign tumor occurring within the uterus
IVF fertilization making babys by injecting the sperm into an egg outside o the bodies.
-rrhaphy suture
tubal ligation sterilization by binding or crushing the tubes
amni/o fetal membrane
nat/i birth
par/o to bear offsprings
-para a woman who has given birth
ecto outside
top/o location
post- after
ante before
gestation pregnancy
parturition child birth
abruption placentae separation of the placenta from the uterine wall after 20 weeks or more of gestation or during labor.
lateral side
ptosis sagging or prolapse
-pexy surgical fixation
gon/o genitals or reproduction
orchi/o testies
pen/o penis
scrot/o scrotum, bag
semin/o semen
ser/o serum
vas/o vessel or duct
-genesis formation
testorone male hormone
erythemato redness
ichthy/o fish
kerato horny tissue, (tissue containing keartin
onych/o ungul/o nail
pil/o, trich/o hair
seb/o sebum (lubricant for hair and skin provides protection from some bacteria
seps infection
septo infection or septum
xer/o dry
-derm skin or germ layer
-static keeping stationary
accessory hair nails subcutaneous glands and sweat glands
axillary perteaining to the armpit
sudoriferous are sweat glands
sebaceous glands the produce sebum
ungual pertaining to the nails
bulla blister larger than 1 cm
macule discolored spot not elevated
papule small elevated leisure
pustule fluid filled sac containing pus
vesicle bliter less thn 1cm filled with clear fluid
abrasion skin is scraped or rubbed away by friction
contusion a bruise
incision smooth edged wound produced by a sharp instrument
laceration torn, jagged wound
puncture wound made by pearcing
superficial only epidemis is damaged
dermis damage does not go beyond the layer of skin
deep underlying bone and muscle are damaged
abscess cavity that contains pus
albinism congenital absence of normal pigmengt
cyanosis bluish discoloration of skin
furuncle a boil
ichthyosis dry and scaly skin resembling fish skin
lipoma benign tumor composed of fat cells
mycodermatitis inflammation of the skin caused by a fungus
onychomycosis fungal infection of the nails
petechiae tiny purple or red spots on skin
xerosis excessive dryness of the skin
cryosurgery use of subfreezing temperatures to destroy tissue
curettage scraping a surface or removing abnormal tissue
dermabrasion physical sanding of the skin
liposuction removal of localized areas of fat
Created by: yamilahh