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PoliSci Ch.14

The Presidency

divided government One party controls the White House and another party controls one or both houses of Congress.
unified government The same party controls the White House and both houses of Congress.
gridlock The inability of the government to act because rival parties control different parts of the government.
electoral college The people chosen to cast each state's votes in a presidential election.
bully pulpit The president's use of his prestige and visibility to guide or enthuse the American public.
veto message A mesage from the president to Congress stating that he will not sign a bill it has passed. Must be produced within 10 days of the bill's passage.
pocket veto A bill fails to become law because the president did not sign it within 10 days before Congress adjourns.
line-item veto An executive's ability to block a particular provision in a bill passed by the legislature.
signing statement A presidential document that reveals what the president thinks of a new law and how it ought to be enforced.
pyramid structure A president's subordinates report to him through a clear chain of command headed by a chief of staff.
circular structure Several of the president's assitants report directly to him.
ad hoc structure Several subordinates, cabinet officers, and committees report directly to the president on different matters.
cabinet The heads of the 15 executive branch departments of the federal government.
legislative veto The authority of Congress to block a presidential action after it has taken place. The Supreme Court has held that Congress does not have this power.
impeachment Charges against a president approved by a majority of the House of Representatives.
Secretary of State John Kerry
Chief of Staff Dennis McDonough
National Security Advisor Susan Rice
Attorney General Eric Holder
Chairman of the Federal Reserve Janet Yellen
Press Secretary Josh Earnest
bureaucracy any management structure that carries out policy on a daily basis that is based on job specialization and uses standardized procedure and continues its operation regardless of change of leadership
Roles of the President Chief Executive; Commander in Chief; Foreign Policy Leader; Chief of State; Party Leader; Chief Citizen; Chief Law Maker
Powers of the President 1) Executive 2) Diplomatic 3) Military 4) Legislative 5) Judicial
Independent Executive Agencies 1) advise gov't officials 2) make rules 3) implement rules examples: CIA, EPA, Peace Corps, NASA
Regulatory Commissions Basically, they regulate something. example: the federal reserve
Government Corporations Undertakes commerical activities on behalf of the government example: the post office
The president has 3 audiences... 1) fellow politicians and leaders in Washinton D.C. 2) party activists and office holders outside of Washinton D.C. 3) the public
Sources used to develop policies... interest groups; aids and campaign advisors; outside, academic, and other specialists and experts; federal bureas and agencies
Created by: mguggi