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Q3 Anatomy

Blood

QuestionAnswer
What are the functions of the blood? (2) Carries respiratory gases, nutrients and hormones, Regulates body temperature
What is the pH of blood? 7.35 to 7.45
What is the viscosity of blood? 3.3 to 5.5
What is the temperature of blood? 100.4 Fahrenheit
Fluid or plasma component less fibrinogen and other clotting substances Serum
What are the two components of blood? Blood cells and Plasma
Straw colored, sticky fluid that is 90% water Blood Plasma
What are the three main proteins in blood plasma? Albumin, Globulin and Fibrinogen
The protein of blood plasma that controls the osmotic pressure of the circulatory system is ___ Albumin
The protein of blood plasma that transports antibodies/immunoglobulins is ___ Globulins
The protein of blood plasma with blood clotting elements is ___ Fibrinogens
What are the five types of Leukocytes (Never Let Monkeys Eat Bananas, most prevalent to least prevalent) Neutrophils, Lymphocytes, Monocytes, Eosinophils, Basophils
Oxygen transporting cells containing no organelles of nuclei with energy generated via an anaerobic mechanism Erythrocytes (Red Blood Cells)
"Heme" means... Red Pigment
An oxygen carrying protein in a biconcave shape that originates in the bone marrow and has a life span of 100 to 120 days Hemoglobin
A term referring to blood cell formation in red bone marrow Hematopoiesis
Cells that protect the body from infection and function outside the blood stream in loose connective tissue Leukocytes (White Blood Cells)
Granulocyte or Agranulocyte: Neutrophil Granulocyte
Granulocyte or Agranulocyte: Lymphocyte Agranulocyte
Granulocyte or Agranulocyte: Monocyte Agranulocyte
Granulocyte or Agranulocyte: Eosinphil Granulocyte
Granulocyte or Agranulocyte: Basophil Granulocyte
Leukocyte that phagocytize and destroy bacteria Neutrophils
Leukocyte that ends allergic reactions and parasitic infections Eosinophils
Leukocyte that secretes histamines, mediates inflammation and makes heparin Basophils
A lymphocyte that attacks foreign cells directly T Cells
A lymphocyte that multiplies to become plasma cells B Cells
The largest of the leukocytes that transform into macrophages and are considered phagocytic cells Monocytes
Cell fragments that function in the clotting of blood Platelets/Thrombocytes
What causes the clotting of blood? Thrombin
What prevents the clotting of blood? Heparin
The process by which blood cells are formed Hematopoiesis
What type of bone marrow contains immature erythrocytes? Red Marrow
What type of bone marrow contains fat cells? Yellow Marrow
Where do blood cells originate? Bone Marrow
A clumping process between antibodies and antigens Agglutinate
A substance that can activate the immune system to make certain responses Antigen
A substance made by the body in response to stimulation by an antigen Antibody
Created by: amber.whalen