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carnegie nutrition

Nutrition carbohydrates and fats quiz review ma winter 2015

what is the major function of carbohydrates? To provide heat and energy
what is the major building block of a carbohydrate (CHO) and how is it stored? Glucose, stored as glycogen in liver and muscle cells
how many calories of energy do we get from CHO? 4 calories per gram
what percent of daily calorie intake should come from CH O? 55 to 57%
what are the three groups of carbohydrates? Monosaccharides disaccharides, polysaccharides
which saccharide is referred to as a simple sugar? Monosaccharide
list some examples of monosaccharides glucose, fructose, galactose
which saccharide is referred to as a complex CHO? Polysaccharide
list some examples of polysaccharides starches, whole grains
Know the two ways we store extra glucose as glycogen( long chains) ; triglycerides
which type of fiber lowers cholesterol? Soluble fiber
list examples of soluble fiber oat bran (oatmeal), fruits, vegetables
which type of fiber helps with the elimination? insoluble fiber
list some examples of insoluble fiber whole grains, vegetables
what is a whole grain? I'll grain that has all its parts
list all the parts of a whole grain inner germ, endosperm, outer bran layer
what is a Glycemic index? The rate the food will raise your blood sugar
what is a healthy glycemic index? A food below 70
what is the major function of fat? Provides heat and energy
how many calories of energy do we get from fat? 9 calories per gram
what is saturated fat? Fat that comes from animal sources, solid at room temperature
list some examples of saturated fat whole milk, red meat, egg yolks
what is a triglyceride? The main storage form of lipids, made of three fatty acids and glycerol broken down into fatty acids and used by the cells
what is a lipoprotein? A molecule made by the liver, made of lipid and protein and it transports lipids throughout the body
is LDL? The bad cholesterol, keri cholesterol from the liver and deposited into the tissues think back side
what is HDL? Good cholesterol, carrying cholesterol from the tissues back to the liver
what is the recommended fat intake? 20 to 35 percent of your total calories
what is cholesterol? Not a fat! Liver uses fat to make it
how is cholesterol used in the body and where is it made? Used for cell membranes, steroid hormones and vitamin D
what is a trans fat? Fat produced by heating vegetable oils in the presence of hydrogen
list some sources of trans fat margarine, mayonnaise, peanut butter, creamy salad dressings, baked goods
is trans fat healthy or unhealthy? Unhealthy and cannot be used by the body
what is unsaturated fat? All of carbons are not bonded to hydrogen these are healthy fats, easily used by the body
name two kinds of unsaturated fat polyunsaturated and monounsaturated
list some sources of monounsaturated fat olive oil
list some sources of polyunsaturated fat sunflower oil, corn oil, omega 3 fatty acids
what things can lower serum cholesterol and triglycerides? Exercise, soluble fiber, decrease saturated fat intake
Created by: ma2b