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ADP/FM/AR's

What ADP/ADRP covers The Army? ADP/ADRP 1.
In which domains do U.S. forces operate? Air, land, maritime, space, and cyberspace domains.
As a unique military profession, the Army is built upon an ethos of trust. What are four other essential characteristics of our profession? Military expertise, honorable service, esprit de corps, and stewardship.
What is the most important determinant of combat power? Leadership
What is the US Army’s greatest strategic asset; providing depth, versatility, and unmatched experience to the joint force? The all-volunteer force.
Title 10, USC, establishes the basic structure of the Army. What Forces make up the Army? One Regular Army and two Reserve Components: the Regular Army, the Army Reserve, and the Army National Guard of the United States. Army Civilians support all three components.
What is the function of the Operating Force? Operating forces consist of units organized, trained, and equipped to deploy and fight.
What is the function of the Generating Force? The generating force mans, trains, equips, deploys, and ensures the readiness of all Army forces.
What five sets of characteristics will enhance the Army's operational adaptability? •Depth and Versatility. •Adaptive and Innovative. •Flexibility and Agility. •Integrated and Synchronized. •Lethal and Discriminate
What ADP/ADRP covers Operational Terms and Military Symbols? ADP/ADRP 1-02.
Who is the principal audience for ADP 1-02, Operational Terms and Military Symbols? All members of the profession of arms.
What is the purpose of a common set of doctrinal terms and military symbols? Terms and symbols can communicate a great deal of information with a simple word, phrase, or image and eliminate the need for a lengthy explanation of a complex idea.
What are the three areas of focus of the professional language of land warfare? •Principle of Simplicity. •Importance of clear communication.•Importance of teaching the language.
Military symbols fall into two categories: framed and unframed. What is the difference? Framed military symbols include unit, equipment, installation, and activity symbols. Unframed military symbols include control measure and tactical task mission symbols.
Who establishes Army policy for developing doctrinal terms? United States Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC)
that common operational picture is displayed on a map or another geographical form representing the area of operations and which has been overlaid with military symbols. What does it include? •Friendly and enemy units or ships. •Boundaries. •Control measures. •Other elements that the commander deems necessary.
How are acronyms usually formed? from the initial letters of a name or parts of a series of words.
What is a single display of relevant information within a commander’s area of interest tailored to the user’s requirements and based on common data and information shared by more than one command? A common operational picture.
What is communication in reference to Operational Terms and Military Symbols? Communication is an exchange of meaning that is only complete when the intended meaning is understood precisely by the intended audience.
Who can propose the creation, modification, or elimination of any doctrinal term? Any Soldier may contact a proponent for a given subject area. The proponent will consider the Soldier’s proposal.
What is the purpose of acronyms and abbreviations in the profession of arms? To allow the use of shorter versions of doctrinal and military terms for ease of discussion in speaking and writing.
What does AR 623-3 Cover? A: Evaluation Reporting System (NCOER’s)
What does AR 623-3 cover? A: Evaluation standards for all ranks, Officer, Warrant Officers, and Enlisted
What is DA form 2166-8? A: NCO Evaluation Report
What is DA form 2166-8-1? A: NCOER Counseling and Support Form
What is the DA form 1059? Service School Academic Evaluation Report
Where are the Procedures, tasks, and steps pertaining to the completion of each evaluation report and support form are contained in? DA Pam 623–3
What do rating schemes show? A: the rated Soldier’s name, indicate the effective date for each designated rating official
When must the NCOER reach HRC? A: no later than 90 days after the “THRU” date of the evaluation report
Who should give timely counseling to subordinates on professionalism and job performance, encouraging self-improvement, when needed? A: Rating officials
Who is responsible for the evaluation function? A: The evaluation function is the responsibility of rating officials, rated Soldiers, battalion (BN) and brigade (BDE) adjutants (S1), or unit personnel administration office, and HQDA
What are the two categories of Evaluation Reports? 1. Performance evaluations 2. School evaluations
Who may require changes be made to an evaluation report? Except to comply with this regulation and DA Pam 623–3, no person may require changes be made to an evaluation report
What must a CDR or commandant that discovers an evaluation report rendered by a subordinate or a subordinate command may be illegal, unjust, or otherwise in violation of regulation? : he or she will conduct a Commander’s inquiry into the matter
What is the minimum amount of time before a NCO can be rated? A: to be eligible for an evaluation report, a Soldier will complete 90 calendar days in the same position under the same rater
Army Programs
What does ASAP stand for? Army Substance Abuse Program
What is the mission of ASAP? The ASAP’s mission is to strengthen the overall fitness and effectiveness of the Army’s total workforce and to enhance the combat readiness of its Soldiers.
What army Regulation covers ASAP? AR 600-85
What Does ACS stand for? Army Community Service
What does the ACS symbol represent? The heart = giving, the cross = help, the gyroscope = stability
What Army regulation covers ACS? AR 608-1
What is the motto of the ACS? Self-help, service and stability.
What does AER stand for? Army Emergency Relief
What is the Army Regulation that covers AER? AR 930-4
AER closely coordinates with what other organization? American Red Cross
What is AER? AER is a private, nonprofit organization to collect and hold funds to relieve distress of members of the Army and their dependents. AER provides emergency financial assistance to soldiers (active and retired) and their families in time of distress.
When is the AER annual fund campaign held army-wide? March 01through May 15
What Army Regulation covers the EO program? AR 600-20 chapter 6
What rank should an EOR normally be? SGT (P)through 1LT
Soldiers are required to have how many periods of EO training per year? 4 (1 each quarter)
What Army Regulation covers Red Cross? AR 930-5
What is the major service that Red Cross offers? Communication between soldiers and their families for both problem solving and emergency (especially the notification or "red cross message")
What Army Regulation covers the Army Retention Program? AR 601-280
What AR coveres the BOSS Program? AR 215-1
What are the 3 pillars of BOSS? 1. Recreation and Leisure,2. Community Service,3. Well Being
What ADP/ADRP covers Unified Land Operations? ADP/ADRP 3-0.
What is the description of Unified land operations? how the Army seizes, retains, and exploits the initiative to gain and maintain a position of relative advantage in sustained land operations through offensive, defensive, and stability operations in order to prevent or deter conflict, prevail in war.
What are the operational variables? political, military, economic, social, information, infrastructure, physical environment, time (known as PMESII-PT).
What are the mission variables? mission, enemy, terrain and weather, troops and support available, time available, civil considerations (known as METT-TC).
What is the Army’s warfighting doctrine? Unified land operations .
What is a series of related major operations aimed at achieving strategic and operational objectives within a given time and space? A campaign.
What is a military action, consisting of two of more related tactical actions, designed to achieve a strategic objective, in whole or in part? An operation.
What is a battle or engagement, employing lethal or nonlethal actions, designed for a specific purpose relative to the enemy, the terrain, friendly forces, or other entity? A tactical action.
How are Army operations characterized? by flexibility, integration, lethality, adaptability, depth, and synchronization.
What is Operational Art? is the pursuit of strategic objectives, in whole or in part, through the arrangement of tactical actions in time, space, and purpose.
What is MDMP? The military decision-making process.
What is the purpose of MDMP? It integrates the activities of the commander, staff, subordinate headquarters, and other partners to understand the situation and mission;
1. Q.What does AR 600-20 cover? A: Army Command Policy
2. Q.What does SHARP stand for? A: Sexual Harassment/Assault Response Prevention
3. Q.What Chapter covers the SHARP Program in AR 600-20? A: Chapter 7 & 8
5. Q.What are the Goals of the SHARP Program? A: 1. Create a climate that minimizes sexual assault incidents, which impact Army personnel, Army civilians, and family members, and, if an incident should occur, ensure that victims and subjects are treated according to Army policy
2. Create a climate that encourages victims to report incidents of sexual assault without fear 3. Establish sexual assault prevention training and awareness programs to educate Soldiers
4. Ensure sensitive and comprehensive treatment to restore victims' health and well-being
5. Ensure leaders understand their roles and responsibilities regarding response to sexual assault victims, thoroughly investigate allegations of sexual assault, and take appropriate administrative and disciplinary action
6. Q.What is the Army’s Slogan for the SHARP Program? A: I. A.M. SRONG
7. Q.What does I. A.M. STRONG stand for? A: Intervene, Act, Motivate
What are the different categories of Sexual Harassment? A: 1. Verbal 2. Non-Verbal 3. Physical Contact
What are the Types of Sexual Harassment? 1. Quid pro quo 2. Hostile environment
What are the five techniques of dealing with Sexual Harassment? 1. Direct approach 2. Indirect approach 3. Third party 4. Chain of command 5. Filing a formal complaint
How often should units train on POSH(Prevention Of Sexual Harassment)? twice each year
What are the two types of reporting of Sexual Assault? A: 1. Restricted and Unrestricted
70. Q.Para 8-4 What is Restricted reporting? Allows a Soldier who is a sexual assault victim, on a confidential basis, to disclose the details of his/her assault to specifically identified individuals and receive medical treatment and counseling, without triggering the official investigative process
What is Unrestricted reporting? allows a Soldier who is sexually assaulted and desires medical treatment, counseling, and an official investigation of his/her allegation to use current reporting channels, or he/she may report the incident to the SARC or the on-call VA
Who can a Soldier report a Sexual Assault to if they want to keep it restricted? the SARC, a VA, or a healthcare provider, a chaplain
Who can a Soldier report a Sexual Assault to if they want it to be Unrestricted? chain of command, law enforcement or report the incident to the SARC
What ADP/ADRP covers Stability? ADP/ADRP 3-07.
What is Stabilization? process in which personnel identify and mitigate underlying sources of instability to establish the conditions for long-term stability.
What is the focus of stability tasks? •Identifying and targeting the root causes of instability. •Building the capacity of local institutions.
What are sources of instability? •Decreased support for the government based on what locals actually expect of their government. •Increased support for anti-government elements. •The undermining of the normal functioning of society.
What are Stability tasks? tasks conducted as part of operations outside the US in coordination with other instruments of national power to maintain or reestablish a safe and secure environment and provide essential governmental services.
What are the principles that lay the foundation for long-term stability? •Conflict transformation •Unity of effort •Legitimacy and host-nation ownership.• Building partner capacity.
What is a line of effort? line that links multiple tasks using the logic of purpose rather than geographical reference to focus efforts toward establishing operational and strategic conditions.
What is a decisive point? A decisive point is a geographic place, specific key event, critical factor, or function that, when acted upon, allows commanders to gain a marked advantage over an adversary or contribute materially to achieving success.
What is a stability mechanism? the primary method through which friendly forces affect civilians in order to attain conditions that support establishing a lasting, stable peace.
What is a defeat mechanism? A defeat mechanism is the method through which friendly forces accomplish their mission against enemy opposition.
What ADP/ADRP covers Offense and Defense? ADP/ADRP 3-90
What is tactics? employment and ordered arrangement of forces in relation to each other.
What is the tactical level of war? battles and engagements are planned and executed to achieve military objectives
What is an engagement? a tactical conflict, usually between opposing, lower echelon maneuver forces.
What echelons typically conduct engagements? Brigades and smaller echelons typically conduct engagements.
How long do engagements last? They are usually short, executed in terms of minutes, hours, or days.
What is a battle? A battle consists of a set of related engagements that lasts longer and involves larger forces than an engagement.
What do battles affect? Battles can affect the course of a campaign or major operation.
When does a battle occur? When a division, corps, or army commander fights for one or more significant objectives. Battles are usually operationally significant, if not operationally decisive.
The art of tactics consists of three interrelated aspects. What are they? • The creative and flexible array of means to accomplish assigned missions. • Decision making under conditions of uncertainty when faced with a thinking and adaptive enemy. • Understanding the effects of combat on Soldiers.
What is the science of tactic? Encompasses the understanding of those military aspects of tactics—capabilities, techniques, and procedures—that can be measured and codified.
What is a hasty operation? A hasty operation is an operation in which a commander directs immediately available forces, using fragmentary orders, to perform activities with minimal preparation, trading planning and preparation time for speed of execution.
What is a deliberate operation? A deliberate operation is an operation in which the tactical situation allows the development and coordination of detailed plans, including multiple branches and sequels
What Publication Covers Rifle Marksmanship M16/M4 Series Weapons? FM 3-22.9 dated 10 Feb 2011
What does PMI stand for? preliminary marksmanship instruction
What are the Five Key elements to maintain a good Unit Marksmanship Program? 1. The training of trainers. 2. Refresher training of nonfiring skills. 3. The use of the Engagement Skills Trainer (EST) 2000, Laser Marksmanship Training System (LMTS), or other devices. 4. Sustainment training. 5. Remedial training.
What Seven additional skills should Soldiers be trained on for a good unit level Marksmanship Program? 1. Semiautomatic and automatic fires. 2. Night fire. 3. Mission-oriented protective posture (MOPP) firing. 4. Firing using aiming devices.
5. Moving target training techniques. 6. Squad designated marksman (SDM) training. 7. Short-range marksmanship (SRM).
What are Five phases of rifle marksmanship training? Phase I—Basic Rifle Marksmanship Preliminary Marksmanship Instruction. Phase II—Basic Rifle Marksmanship Downrange Feedback Range Firing. Phase III—Basic Rifle Marksmanship Field Firing.
Phase IV—Advanced Rifle Marksmanship. Phase V—Advanced Optics, Lasers, and Iron Sights.
What is Zeroing? Zeroing aligns the sights of the weapon with the weapon’s barrel
What three things does the instructor/trainer do to ensure that firers are aware of their firing errors, understand the causes, and apply remedies? 1. Observe the firer. 2. Question the firer. 3. Analyze the shot group
What can Live and virtual simulators be used to reinforce? 1. PMI 2. Grouping 3. Zeroing 4. Practice record fire 5. Record fire 6. CBRN fire 7. Assisted and Unassisted night fire by simulating the LFXs
What does LFX stand for? Live Fire Exercise
Describe the M16-/M4-series weapons? M16-/M4-series weapons are magazine-fed, gas-operated, air-cooled, shoulder-fired 5.56-millimeter weapons
What is the maximum range of a M16/M4 series weapons? 3,600 meters
What is the maximum effective range of a M16A2/A3 series weapons? 550 Point Targets and 800 for Area Targets
Para 2-1 What is the maximum effective range of a M4 series weapon? 500 Point Targets and 600 for Area Targets
What ADP/ADRP covers Defense Support of Civil Authorities? ADP/ADRP 3-28.
What are the primary documents containing national preparedness doctrine? •The National Preparedness Goal. •The National Incident Management System (known as the NIMS). •The National Response Framework (formerly known as the National Response Plan).
Which warfighting function will the majority of DSCA missions stress? The sustainment warfighting function.
While there are many potential missions for Soldiers as part of DSCA, what are the overarching purposes of all DSCA missions? •Save lives •Alleviate suffering •Protect property
How many state and territorial National Guard elements are there? 54. All fifty states, the District of Columbia, territories of Guam and the Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico have National Guard forces making 54 state and territorial NG elements.
What is the Army National Guard’s dual role? is as a state military force under the governor and as a reserve component of the Army that the President may mobilize for federal service.
In DSCA, military forces support a primary (or lead) civilian agency. What do commanders need to realize achieving the military end state means? That state, territorial, local, and tribal authorities become able to provide effective support to their citizens without the further assistance from military forces.
What is one of the biggest mistakes that tactical commanders can make in DSCA? Military forces operating freely within civilian jurisdictions risk upsetting the constitutional balance between civil authority, the military, and the private sector.
What ADP/ADRP covers Protection? ADP/ADRP 3-37.
What is Protection? the preservation of the effectiveness and survivability of mission-related military and nonmilitary items deployed or located within or outside the boundaries of a given operational area.
What are the Protection principles? Redundant, Enduring, Layered, Integrated, Comprehensive
Comprehensive 1. Protection is an all-inclusive utilization of complementary and reinforcing protection tasks and systems available to commanders, incorporated into the plan, to preserve the force.
Integrated 2. Protection is integrated with other activities, systems, efforts, and capabilities associated with unified land operations to provide strength and structure to the overall effort.
Layered 3. Protection capabilities are arranged using a layered approach to provide strength and depth. Layering reduces the destructive effect of a threat or hazard through the dispersion of energy or the culmination of the force.
Redundant 4. Redundancy ensures that specific activities, systems, efforts, and capabilities that are critical for the success of the overall protection effort have a secondary or auxiliary effort of equal or greater capability.
Enduring 5. Protection capabilities are ongoing activities for maintaining the objectives of preserving combat power, populations, partners, essential equipment, resources, and critical infrastructure in every phase of an operation.
What is the first step toward effective protection? Planning
During the preparation phase, what is the focus of protection? Deterring and preventing the enemy or adversary from actions that would affect combat power and the freedom of action.
What is the staff looking for as they monitor the conduct of operations during execution? Variances from the scheme of maneuver and protection.
Assessing protection is an essential, continuous activity that occurs throughout the operations process. What is Assessment? the determination of the progress toward accomplishing a task, creating a condition, or achieving an objective.
What ADP/ADRP covers Training Units and Developing Leaders? ADP/ADRP 7-0.
Who is responsible for training units and developing leaders? Commanders
Where does training begin? Training begins in the generating force.
Where do Soldiers build on the fundamental skills, knowledge, and behaviors, which were developed in institutional training? Operational assignments.
What is the Army’s institutional training and education system, which primarily includes training base centers and schools that provide initial training and subsequent professional military education for Soldiers, military leaders, and Army civilians? The institutional training domain.
What are the training active organizations undertake while at home station, at maneuver combat training centers, during joint exercises, at mobilization centers, and while operationally deployed? The operational training domain.
What is planned, goal-oriented learning that reinforces and expands the depth and breadth of an individual’s knowledge base, self-awareness, and situational awareness; and meets personal objectives? The self-development training domain.
What process do commanders apply to unit training and leader development? The operations process—plan, prepare, execute, and assess
What are the Army principles of unit training? • Commanders and other leaders are responsible for training. • Noncommissioned officers train individuals, crews, and small teams. • Train to standard. • Train as you will fight. • Train while operating.
CONTINUED... • Train fundamentals first. • Train to develop adaptability. • Understand the operational environment. • Train to sustain. • Train to maintain. • Conduct multi-echelon and concurrent training.
What does METL stand for and what is it? The unit’s mission-essential task list (METL) represents the doctrinal framework of fundamental tasks for which the unit was designed.
Created by: jarreola08