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Ayurvedic E&P

Ayurvedic Etiology and Pathology

Examples of atiyoga of Srotrendriya loud noises, thunder, airplanes, dynamite, construction, concerts
Srotrendriya Ears
atiyoga Overuse
ayoga Underuse
mithyAyoga misuse
examples of ayoga of Srotrendriya few or no sounds; being in solitude
examples of mithyAyoga of Srotrendriya harsh words; news about death/destruction; terrifying sounds
examples of atiyoga of sparSanendriya exposure to extreme temperatures; too much bathing; too much massage
examples of ayoga of sparSanendriya not enough massage/healing, loving touch
examples of mithyAyoga of sparSanendriya improper use/order of massage and external therapies (massage with wrong oil, svedana before snehana), injury, touching unclean things; microorganisms
examples of atiyoga of rUpendriya bright objects for prolonged periods
examples of ayoga of rUpendriya reading in poor light; darkness; too much meditation
examples of mithyAyoga of rUpendriya looking at solar/lunar eclipse; looking at things that are too small/large; looking at things that are terrifying, frightening, unnatural, or anxiety-producing
examples of atiyoga of rasanendriya eating too much/too frequently
examples of ayoga of rasanendriya bland diet; fasting
examples of mithyAyoga of rasanendriya improper food combinations; eating with disregard to proper rules
examples of atiyoga of ghrANendriya constant/overpowering odors
examples of ayoga of ghrANendriya underutilization of nose
examples of mithyAyoga of ghrANendriya foul, stale, putrid, poisonous odors
sparSanendriya skin
rUpendriya eyes
rasanendriya tongue
ghrANendriya nose
List the nidAna paNcaka nidAna; pUrvarUpa; rUpa; upaSaya; saMprApti
nidAna cause/etiology
pUrvarUpa premonitory symptoms
rUpa signs and symptoms
upaSaya exploratory therapies to refine diagnosis
saMprApti pathogenesis
6 stages of saMprApti saNcaya; prakopa; prasara; stAnasamSraya; vyakti; bheda
saNcaya accumulation
prakopa aggravation
prasara spreading
sthAnasamSraya localization
vyakti manifestation
bheda differentiation
what occurs during saNcaya slight accumulation of dosas in their main sites; aversion for qualities that are increased
V symptoms during saNcaya bloating
P symptoms during saNcaya yellowing, increased body temperature
K symptoms during saNcaya heavyness; lethargy
what happens during prakopa stage? due to continual indulgence in nidAnas, doSas get more aggravated and accumulate in secondary sites
V symptoms during prakopa mild abdominal pain; movement in abdomen
P symptoms during prakopa sour burps; burning sensation, thirst
K symptoms during prakopa aversion to food, nausea
what happens during prasara stage? doSas move out of won sites and move distally via srotAmsi, rasa/rakta); agni is impaired and ama develops
V symptoms during prasara movement in wrong direction in GI
P symptoms during prasara body feels like it's on fire
K symptoms during prasara loss of taste, fatigue, vomiting
what happens during sthAnasamSraya stage? doSas find kha vaigunya; disease starts to manifest; type of sroto duSTi can be identified
what happens during vyakti stage? cardinal signs and symptoms show up; treatment that opposes the disease (rather than doSas) is required.
what happens during bheda stage? disease becomes more resistant to treatment; ojas further depleted
sAma with Ama
nirAma without Ama
what are the properties of Ama? sticky, slimy with foul odor
7 symptoms of Ama stasis of food/indigestion; heaviness of body; laziness; excess salivation; constipation; fatigue; foul smell
3 causative facotrs for disease (nidAna) asAtmyendriyArtha saMyoga; prajNaparAdha; pariNAma
asAtmyendriyArtha saMyoga improper utilization of the sense organs
prajNaparAdha improper use of the intellect
pariNAma temporal factors
trividha parIkSA darSana; sparSana; praSna
darSana inspection
sparSana palpitation
praSna questioning
aSTavdiha parIkSA nAdi; mUtra; mala; jihvA; Sabda; sparSa; netra; AkRti
nAdi pulse
mUtra urine
mala feces and other malas
jihvA tongue
Sabda sounds of the body
sparSa palpation
netra eyes
AkRti general appearance
Signs of vAta vRddhi lakSaNas emaciation; blackish discoloration; tremors and involuntary movements; bloating; constipation; fatigue and weakness of sense organs; insomnia; excess talking; confusion; desire for warm things; joing and muscle pain; fear, anxiety, grief
signs of pitta vRddhi lakSaNas yellowish discoloration; redness and inflammation; increased body temperature and burning sensations; desire for cold things; thirst; disturbed sleep; fainting; fatigue; weakness of sense organs; bitter taste in mouth; anger; irritability; criticism
signs of kapha vRddhi lakSaNas reduced agni; hypersalivation; lethargy; pallor and white coated tongue; decreased body temperature; looseness, softness of body parts; weight gain and heavy feeling; respiratory disorders; hypersomnia; drowsiness; sadness, grief, attachment
vRddhi lakSanNa increase
para ojas excellent form of ojas located in the hRdaya in the quantity of 8 drops
apara ojas the ordinary form of ojas that circulates throughout the body in the quantity of 1/2 aNjali
8 causes of reduced ojas trauma; poor nourishment; anger; grief; worry; exertion; hunger; thirst
4 signs of reduced ojas fatigue; weak sense organs; dull complexion; dryness of body; depression
8 treatments to build ojas nourishing foods; milk; ghee; rasayana herbs; chyavanprASa; rest; light oil massage; emotional support
9 causes of impaired agni eating too much or too little; indigestion; irregular diet; unsuitable foods; heavy, cold, dry, contaminated foods; improperly administered purgation, emesis, snehana; prolonged sickness; seasonal and geographical changes; suppression of natural urges
bahaya marga external roga mArgas related to rasa, rakta and skin. Might include skin disorders, hair, nails. Easily treatable.
roga mArgas pathways for disease
mahyama marga central roga mArga, related to muscles, joints, bones and marmas--may manifest as neurological disordrs, muscle/joint disorders, vital organ disorders
abhyantara marga internal roga mArga related to GI tract. May include fever, diarrhea, vomiting, respiratory disorders, constipation, abdominal disease; treatable with effort if diseases are chronic
nija roga internal cause of disease
agantu roga external cause of disease
daiva vyapashrya chikitsa divine (soul level) therapy
yukti vyapashrya chikitsa body level therapy (V, P, K)
sattva vajaya chikitsa mind level therapy (S, R, T)
SArIrika physical disease
mAnasika mental disease
sAmAnyaja more than one doSa involved in disease
nAnAtmaja single doSa involved in disease
rasa pradoSaja rasa dominant disease
sukhasAdhya easily curable disease
kaSTasAdhya a disease curable with difficulty
yApya a disease that needs palliative care
asAdhya incurable disease
adyAtmika disease related with one's own self
adhibhoutika disease aquired from other sources (animal, trauma, infection)
Adidaivika naturally occurring disease due to seasonal changes or super natural powers
doSa gati movement of doSas from their original site in the GI tract (koSTha) to peripheral sites outside the GI tract (SAkhA)
signs of increased (vRddhi) purISa distention, pain and heaviness of abdomen
signs of decreased (kSaya) purISa scanty feces, gurgling in abdomen, pain in chest and flanks, movement of vata in opposite direction
signs of increased (vRddhi) mUtra frequent and excess urination, pain in bladder
signs of decreased (kSaya) mUtra scanty urine; painful urination; blood in urine; thirst
signs of increased (vRddhi) sveda body odor due to excess perspiration; itching of skin
signs of decreased (kSaya) sveda dryness of skin; impaired sense of touch
causes of prANavaha sroto duSTi malnourishment; suppression of natural urges; consumption of dry foods; exercising while hungry
causes of udakavaha sroto duSTi exposure to heat; indigestion; alcohol; consumption of dry foods; suppressing thirst
causes of annavaha sroto duSTi untimely intake of large quantities of unwholesome food
causes of pUriSavaha sroto duSTi suppression of defecation; overating; not eating in those who have weak agni and are emaciated
causes of mUtravaha sroto duSTi overeating and drinking; sexual intercourse while having urge to urinate; suppression of urine
causes of svedavaha sroto duSTi excess exercise; exposure to heat; exposure to hot and cold soon after one another; anger, grief and fear
causes of rasavaha sroto duSTi consumption of heavy, cold, unctuous foods; worry
causes of raktavaha sroto duSTi cosumption of sharp, unctuous, hot and liquid foods; exposure to sun and fire
causes of mAMsavaha sroto duSTi eating heavy, dense, and foods that cause stagnation of channels; sleeping after eating meals
causes of medavaha sroto duSTi lack of exercise; napping during the day; high fat diet; alcohol
causes of asthivaha sroto duSTi vigorous exercise involving impact on bones; vata aggravating food
causes of majjavaha sroto duSTi injury to bones; eating incompatible foods
Sukravaha sroto duSTi excess sexual intercourse; sexual intercourse at inappropriate times; suppression of sexual urge; injury to genital organs
3 stages of pancha karma 1. preparatory procedures (purva karma); 2. main cleansing procedures (pradhana karma); 3. post-procedures (pashchata karma)
purva karma preparatory phase of panha karam
pradhana karma main cleansing procedures of pancha karma
pashchata karma post-procedures of pancha karma
The 5 pancha karmas 1. emesis (vamana karma); 2. purgation (virechana karma); 3. enema (basti karma); 4. errhine (nasya karma); 5. blood-letting (rakta mokshana)
contraindications for panchakarma acute fever, debilitating disease, in certain tumors and cancers, children, the elderly, pregnant women
PK treatment best for vata enema (basti karma)
PK treatment best for pitta purgation (virechana karma)
PK treatment best for kapha emesis (vamana karma)
Created by: lisaolson