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Reproductive System

Career Step - MTE

TermDefinition
ovaries Paired organs that produce gametes and the hormones estrogen and progesterone.
fallopian tubes Tubes that transport the ovum to the uterus.
uterus A hollow muscular organ where the fetus matures.
vagina A muscular tube that passes from the cervical opening to the uterus and to the outside of the body.
ampulla The longest portion of the fallopian tube.
infundibulum The funnel-shaped distal end of the fallopian tube.
cervix The tapered portion of the uterus.
endometrium The inner lining of the uterus that undergoes changes based on the menstrual cycle.
eggs Gametes or ova.
estrogen A female hormone secreted by the ovary, it is responsible for typical female sexual characteristics.
progesterone A female hormone that prepares and maintains the uterus for preganancy.
mesentery A double layer of peritoneum that acts as a structural support for the ovaries.
mesovarium Portion of the broad ligament of the uterus that reflects onto and suspends the ovary.
suspensory ligament A fold of peritoneum that extends out from the ovary to the wall of the pelvis. (Also called infundibulopelvic ligament)
ovarian ligament A fibrous ligament that connects the ovary to the lateral surface of the uterus. (Also called utero-ovarian ligament.)
cortex Outer portion of an organ.
medulla Inner part of an organ.
stroma The connective tissue of the cortex that contains many ovarian follicles in various stages of development.
graafian follicle Matured ovarian follicle that produces the female hormone estrogen.
corpus luteum The ruptured ovarian follicle that produces the female hormone progesterone.
oviducts Another name for the fallopian tubes.
ampulla The longest portion of the fallopian tube.
infundibulum The funnel-shaped distal end of the fallopian tube.
fundus The upper most portion of the uterus.
proliferative A stage in the menstrual cycle where the endometrium rapidly regenerates and the blood supply increases.
fornix A recessed area around the cervix.
vestibular Lubricating glands for the fornix.
Bartholin's gland Lubricating glands for the fornix.
vulva Part of the female reproductive system called the external genitalia.
mons pubis A pad of connective tissue that covers the symphysis pubis and (after puberty) supports the coarse pubic hair.
perineum The area between the thighs to the anus.
sebaceous glands Glands which secrete a greasy, lubricating substance.
prepuce A covering fold of skin of the clitoris.
mammary Glands located within the breasts that are modified sweat glands.
integumentary The skin.
lactation The secretion of milk from the breasts for nourishment of infants.
areolar A circular pigmented area that surrounds the nipple.
puberty The time when secondary sex changes begin.
menarche The establishment or beginning of menstrual function.
menopause Cessation of menstruation, generally occurring at approximately age 50.
Papanicolaou smear This test examines the cells of the female tract (cervix, endometrium, and vagina) to determine if there are any precancerous or cancerous lesions.
mammograms Radiographs of the breasts to check for lesions.
bimanual An examination with both hands; one hand (or fingers only) is placed in the vagina and the other on the abdomen, in order to palate the uterus.
estradiol The most potent naturally-occurring estrogen in humans.
FSH Follicle-stimulating hormone secreted by the hypothalamus that enables follicles to develop properly.
luteal phase Named for the corpus luteum and is also known as the postovulatory phase.
hysterosalpingogram A dye-test with visualization of the tubes and uterus by x-ray (fluoroscopy).
laparoscopy Examination of the interior of the abdomen or pelvis with a scope.
chromotubation A dye-test of the tubes under direct or camera visualization.
human chorionic gonadotropin Hormone present in the blood that indicates pregnancy.
gestation The time from the first day of the mother's last menstrual cycle through birth.
gravida A pregnant woman. Often used in conjunction with a number to notate the number of pregnancies a woman has had.
parity The outcome of each pregnancy.
para Each delivery of a fetus after 20 weeks of gestation.
Created by: EGaboriault