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Q1 Anatomy

Bones: The Appendicular Skeleton

QuestionAnswer
Number of bones in the appendicular skeleton 126
Number of bones in the upper extremities and pectoral girdle 64
Number of bones in the lower extremities and pelvic girdle 62
Structures of the pectoral girdle (2) Clavicles and Scapulae
Function of the pectoral girdle Provides Muscle Attachment
The sternal end of the ___ articulates with the manubrium Clavicles
The ___ end of the clavicles articulates with the scapula Acromial
Functions of the clavicles Provides Muscle Attachment, Holds Scapulae and Arms Laterally, Transmits Compression
Joint that articulates with the head of the humerus and forms the shoulder joint Glenoid Cavity
Process that articulates with the acromial end of the clavicle Acromion
Bone(s) of the arm Humerus
Bone(s) of the forearm Radius and Ulna
The longest bone of the upper limb The Humerus
Proximal end of the humerus that fits into the glenoid cavity of the scapula Head of the Humerus
Medial condyle of the humerus that articulates with the ulna Trochlea
Lateral condyle of the humerus that articulates with the radius Capitulum
Part of the humerus that receives the olecranon process Olecranon Fossa
Part of the humerus that receives the coronoid process Coronoid Fossa
The projection of the ulna that fits into the olecranon fossa when the arm s fully extended Olecranon Process
The projection of the ulna that fits into the coronoid fossa when the arm is flexed Coronoid Process
Structure located on the distal end of the radius and receives the head of the ulna Radioulnar Joint
Bone(s) of the hand Carpals, Metacarpals, Phalanges
Functions of the pelvic girdle (2) Attaches lower limbs to the spine, Supports visceral organs
A deep structure of the pelvic girdle that holds the head of the femur Acetabulum
Superior region of the coxal bone, Large, flaring bone Ilium
Posteroinferior region of the coxal bone Ischium
Anterior region of the coxal bone Pubis
The two pubic bones joined by fibrocartilage at the midline Pubic Symphysis
The large hole between the pubis and ischium Obturator Foramen
Bone(s) of the thigh Femur
Bone(s) of the knee Patella
Bone(s) of the Leg Tibia and Fibula
Longest and strongest bone in the body Femur
Membrane that connects the tibia and fibula Interosseous Membrane
Bone(s) of the foot Tarsals, Metatarsals, Phalanges
Regional Term: Talus Ankle
Regional Term: Calcaneus Heel Bone
Created by: amber.whalen