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M Knight Final Exam

Final Exam

QuestionAnswer
listening to sounds within body auscultation
a collapsed lung atelectasis
tubes that bifurcate from the wind pipe bronchi
airway destruction associated with emphysema and chronic bronchitis COPD
condition of decreased oxygen in the blood hypoxemia
removal of the voice box and larynx laryngectomy
breathing is easier in an upright position orthopnea
sharp, short blows to the surface of the chest percussion
bacteria infection of the pharynx, larynx, and trachea caused by Bordetella pertussis, a highly contagious bacterium; whooping cough pertussis
collection of pus in the pleural cavity pyothorax
foreign material that invades the body antigens
failure of blood cell production due to absence of formation of cells aplastic anemia
venous blood is clotted in a test tube coagulation time
anticoagulant found in the blood heparin
excessive bleeding caused by congenital lack of factor VIII or IX hemophilia
abnormal condition of white blood cells leukocytosis
white blood cell with reddish granules; numbers increase in allergic reactions eosinophils
derived from bone marrow myeloid
defiency in numbers of white blood cells neutropenia
lack of mature red cells due to inability to absorb vitamin B12 in the body pernicious anemia
a hereditary condition characterized by abnormal shape of erythrocytes sickle cell anemia
nasopharyngeal lymph tissue (throat closest to nose) adenoids
malignant tumor of lymph nodes Hodgkins disease
examples of immunoglobulins IgA, IgE, IgG
cancer arising from the lining cells of capillaries, producing bluish-red skin nodules Kaposi Sarcoma
helper or suppressor cells T Cells
oropharyngeal lymph tissue (throat closest to mouth) tonsils
lymph node concentration inguinal, auxillary, cervical, mediastinal
part of the immune system monocytes, lymphocytes, phagocytes, antibodies
middle layer of skin dermis
profuse sweating diaphoresis
moles that can develop into malignant melanoma dysplastic nevi
wheal-a smooth slightly elevated, edematous (swollen) area that is redder or paler than the surrounding skin (i.e. mosquito bite, allergic reaction) hive
a hard protein material found in the epidermis keratin
itching pruritus
pertaining to under the nail subungual
immflammatory disease of the joints and collagen of the skin; can affect other organs of the body as well systemic lupus erythematosus
defective curvature of the cornea or lens astigmatism
an eye inflammation commonly known as "pinkeye" conjunctivitis
fibrous layer of clear tissue that extends over the anterior portion of the eye and is continuous with the white of the eye cornea
nearsightedness myopia
place where optic nerve fibers cross in the brain optic chiasm
nerve deafness occuring with aging presbyopia
bacterial infection of the middle ear. suppurative otitis media
glaucoma is primarily diagnosed by this test tonometry
ringing sounds in the ear tinnitus
enlargement of thyroid gland goiter
secreted by the pancreas - transports sugar to the cells insulin
regulates calcium in the blood and bones parathyroid hormone
Kal/i Potassium
Natr/o sodium
secreted by the thyroid gland; increases metabolism in cells thyroxine
secondary complication of diabetes mellitus neuropathy
secondary complication of diabetes mellitus retinopathy
secondary complication of diabetes mellitus nephropathy
assisting or aiding adjuvant
describes localized tumor growth carcinoma in situ
the spread of malignant tumors to a distant location metastasis
includes sessile and predunculated types of growth polypoid
study of distribution of drugs in the body pharmcokinetics
tumor requires large doses of radiation to produce death of cells radioresistent tumor
assessing the extent of tumor spread staging
metallic powder introduced to the large intestine and x-rays taken barium enema
experiments performed in a living organism in vivo
sagittal, frontal, and cross-sectional images are produced using magnetic and radio waves MRI
the patient is upright with the back tp the x-ray machine and the film to the chest PA view
specializes diagnostic techniques such as ultrasound, mri, and ct scans radiologist
absorbs most of the x-rays it is exposed to ranopaque
a type of hypersensitivity reaction anaphylaxis
stimulant drug. amphetamine and caffeine.
a drug that works against a fever antipyretic
cardiovascular drug beta-blocker
lowers blood pressure by promoting fluid excretion from the kidney diuretic
the agency which holds the legal responsibility for deciding whether a drug maybe distributed and sold FDA
is an example of unpredictable type of drug toxicity. This is any unexpected effect that appears in the patient following administration of a drug. idiosyncrasy
analgesic drug morphine
drugs are swallowed and absorbed through the intestinal tract oral administration
drugs are injected through a syringe into muscle, vein, or body cavity parental administration
finding proper antidotes to the harmful effects of drugs toxicology
drugs are applied to the skin topical
uses tests to measure mental health and intellegence clinical psychologist
an uncontrollable urge to perform an act repeatedly compulsion
general preoccupation with bodily aches and pains and irrational fear about one's health hypochondriasis
a mood disorder manic-depressive illness
defense mechanism in which unacceptable thoughts are pushed into the unconscious repression
surgical repair of ajoint arthroplasty
wasting away (no development) of muscles atrophy
spongy, porous bone tissue cancellous bone
splintered or crushed bone. comminuted fracture
shaft of a long bone diaphysis
smaller lower leg bone fibula
pertaining to upper arm bone humeral
operation performed to relieve the symptoms of a slipped disk laminectomy
shoulder bone scapula
softening of bone caused by Vitamin D deficiency osteomalacia
poor formation of bone osteodystrophy
shinbone tibia
inflammation of joints caused by excessive uric acid accumalation gouty arthritis
face bone mandible, vomer, maxilla, zygomatic
cranial bone occipital, sphenoid, temporal, ethmoid
a type of pnuemoconiosis. a chronic inflammatory medical condition affecting the parenchymal tissue of the lungs. asbestosis
Created by: dragongoddess86