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Q1 Anatomy

The Human Body

QuestionAnswer
The study of the structure of the human body Anatomy
The study of the function of the human body Physiology
The study of structural changes in cells, tissues and organs caused by disease Pathological Anatomy
The study of organs with related functions Systemic Anatomy
The study of structures in a single region Regional Anatomy
The study of shapes and markings on the surface of the body that reveal underlying organs Surface/Topographical Anatomy
The Hierarchy of Structural Organization (smallest to largest) Chemical, Cellular, Tissue, Organ, Organ System, Organism
A common visual reference point in which a person stands erect, with feet together, eyes forwards, palms facing anteriorly and thumbs pointed away from the body Anatomical Position
Terminology referring to the body in the anatomical position Directional Terminology
Names specific to body areas Regional Terms
The main axis of the body (head, neck, trunk, etc.) The Axial Region
The limbs, parts of the body outside of the axial region The Appendicular Region
Toward the head end or upper part of a structure, Above Superior
Away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structure, Below Inferior
Toward or at the front of the body, In front of Anterior
Toward or at the back of the body, Behind Posterior
Toward or at the midline of the body Medial
Away from the midline of the body Lateral
Between a more medial and lateral surface Intermediate
Closer to the origin of the body part Proximal
Farther from the origin of the body part Distal
Toward or at the body surface, More external Superficial
Away from the body surface, More internal Deep
The plane that lies vertically and divides the body into anterior and posterior parts Coronal/Frontal Plane
The plane that runs horizontally and divides the body into superior and inferior parts Transverse Plane
The plane that lies vertically down the midline of the body and divides it into two halves Median/Midsagittal Plane
The plane that lies vertically down the body, Not through midline Sagittal
Term that refers to the left half of the body as a "mirror image" of the right half Bilateral Symmetry
The parts of the dorsal body cavity (2) Cranial Cavity and Vertebral Cavity
The cavity that lies in the skull and encases the brain Cranial Cavity
The cavity that runs through the vertebral column and encloses the spinal cord Vertebral Cavity
The cavity that contains lungs and is surrounded by a pleural cavity Thoracic Cavity
The cavity that contains the heart, esophagus and trachea and is surrounded by the pericardial cavity Mediastinum
The cavity that contains the liver, stomach, kidneys and other organs Abdominal Cavity
The cavity that contains the bladder, some reproductive organs and rectum Pelvic
The cavity lined by a serous membrane Serous Cavities
The study of the body structures that can be viewed by the naked eye Gross Anatomy
The study of body structures that are viewed with a microscope Microscopic Anatomy
The study of tissues Histology
The study of cells Cytology
The study of joints Arthrology
Term that describes when body functions work all together Homeostasis
The smallest living units of structure and function in the human body Cells
An organization of many cells that act together to perform a common function Tissues
A group of several kinds of tissues arranged in a way that allow them to act as a unit to perform a special function Organs
An organization of varying numbers and kinds of organs that can work together to perform complex functions Systems
Degenerative process that results from disuse Atrophy
Phrenic Muscle Diaphram
Regional Term: Cervical Neck
Regional Term: Acromial Point of Shoulder
Regional Term: Antecubital Front of Elbow
Regional Term: Antebrachial Forearm
Regional Term: Pollex Thumb
Regional Term: Patellar Anterior Knee
Regional Term: Tarsal Ankle
Regional Term: Orbital Eye
Regional Term: Buccal Cheek
Regional Term: Mental Chin
Regional Term: Sternal Breastbone
Regional Term: Thoracic Chest
Regional Term: Umbilical Navel
Regional Term: Inguinal Groin
Regional Term: Femoral Thigh
Regional Term: Hallux Great Toe
Regional Term: Vertebral Spinal Column
Regional Term: Olecranal Back of Elbow
Regional Term: Sacral Between Hips
Regional Term: Popliteal Back of Knee
Regional Term: Plantar Sole
Created by: amber.whalen