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Medical Term ,E3

Anatomy & Physiology

TermDefinition
Systems Group of organs working together to perform one of the body's major functions. They have separate and distinct functions, but rely on one another to perform their tasks.
Respiratory System This system performs respiration, the process that suppose the body with a constant supply of oxygen. (Lungs and the airways)
Cardiovascular System Heart and blood vessels transport blood throughout the body, the blood carries oxygen & nutrients to the tissues and removes waste from the tissues.
Skeletal System Supports and protects the body and is the body's framework.
Muscular System Consists of muscles and cartilage, also provides body movement.
Nervous System Regulates most body activities, sends and receives messages from the sensory organs. (Brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves)
Endocrine System Glands that secrete hormones for the regulation of many of the body's activities.
Sensory System Eyes, ears and the parts of other systems that are involved in the reactions of the five senses
Digestive System All the organs of digestion, absorption and elimination of waste, necessary for the normal intake of food and water into our body.
Urinary System Eliminates metabolic waste, helps to maintain acid-base and water-salt balance, and helps regulate blood pressure. (kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra)
Integumentary System Skin and the accessory structures, which are hair, nails, sweat glands, and oil glands. The skin is the largest organ and serves to cover and protect our body.
Lymphatic and Immune systems Glands of the lymphatic system, lymphatic vessels and the nonspecific and specific defenses of the immune system. These system help protect the body from infection and disease.
Reproductive System Controls reproduction and heredity. FEMALES CONSIST (ovaries , vagina, fallopian tubes, uterus, and mammary glands, or breast) MALES CONSIST (testes, penis, prostate gland, vas deferens, and seminal vesicles)
Dorsal Cavity On the back side of the body
Cranial Cavity Holds the brain
Spinal Cavity Holds the spinal cord
Ventral Cavity On the front side of the body
Diaphragm Separated into two parts by a muscle
Thoracic Cavity Above the diaphragm, hold the heart, lungs, and major blood vessels.
Abdominal Cavity Below the diaphragm, hold the organs of the digestive and urinary systems.
Pelvic Cavity The bottom portion of the abdominal, it contains the reproductive system.
Anatomical Position body is standing erect, facing forward, with the arms ate the sides, and the palms facing forward
Anterior or Ventral Means the front side of the body
Posterior or Dorsal Means the back side of the body
Inferior Means below another structure
Superior Means above another structure
Lateral Means to the side
Medial Means middle or near the medial plane of the body
Superficial Means on or near the surface
Proximal Means near the point of attachment to the trunk.
Distal Means away from the point of attachment to the trunk.
Supine Means lying on one's spine facing upward
Prone Means lying on one's stomach facing downward.
Sagittal Plane Divides the body into two parts, right and left.
Midsagittal Plane Plane divides into equal right and left parts.
Frontal or Coronal Plane divides the body into anterior and posterior sections.
Transverse Plane Divides the body horizontally into a top, or superior part and a bottom or inferior part.
Epigastric Region The area above the stomach
Hypochondriac Region The two regions just below the ribs, immediately over the abdomen.
Umbilical Region The region surrounding the umbilicus (navel)
Lumbar Regions The two regions near the waist
Hypogastric Region The area just below the umbilical region
Iliac or inguinal Regions The two regions near the upper portion of the hipbone
Left Lower Quadrant (LLQ) Contains portions of small intestines and colon, left ovary and fallopian tubes, and left ureter.
Right Lower Quadrant (RLQ) Contains portions of small intestines and colon, right ovary and fallopian tube, appendix and right ureter.
Right upper Quadrant (RUQ) Right love of liver, gallbladder, portions of the pancreas, small intestines, and colon
Left Upper Quadrant (LUQ) Left lobe of liver, spleen, stomach, portions of the pancreas, small intestine and colon
Created by: chass