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Ch.8-10 A/P/MT

Exam 4 Questions for Anatomy, Physiology, and Medical Terminolog- Ch. 8-10

What covers the trachea so that food does not go into the lungs when you swallow? epiglottis
What is it called when fluids and solids come back up from the stomach to the mouth? regurgitation
What is an inflammation of a pouch in the colon? diverticulitis
What is the medical term for gallstones? cholelithiasis
What is a varicose vein in the rectum called? hemmorrhoid
What is the abbreviation for "nothing by mouth"? NPO
What is the disease that destroys the cells of the liver? cirrhosis
What is the term for a visual exam of the colon? colonscopy
What is the medical term for loss of appetite? anorexia
inguinal hernia loop of intestine through a weak spot in the abdominal muscle wall in groin region
abdominal hernia loop of intestine protruding through diaphragm into thoracic cavity
hital hernia, or diaphragmatocele Hint: grandfather had this disorder protrusion of the stomach through the diaphragm
Where is the appendix? end of the cecum of the large intestine
Where is bile produced? liver
What is the medical term for the removal of the gallbladder? cholecystectomy
chol/e bile
cholecystitis inflammation of gallbladder
cholelithiasis presence of gallstones
diverticulitis inflammation of a diverticulum
enter/o small intestine
gingivitis inflammation of the gums
or/o mouth
Where does urine formation take place? Hint: The specific place nephrons
What is it called when you place a tube in the urethra to drain urine from the bladder? catheterization
What is the abbreviation for a urinalysis? U/A, UA
What X-ray is done of the kidney (renal pelvis) using a dye that is injected into a vein? Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP)
What is the term for pus in the urine? pyuria
What is the term for the back up of urine in the kidney causing distention? hydronephrosis
What is the term for a kidney stone? nephrolith
What is a 'visual exam of the bladder'? cystoscopy
What would you call it if a patient produced no urine at all? anuria
What is the term for blood in the urine? hematuria
ureter tubular canal which urine drains from the kidney to bladder
incontinence involuntary release of urine or feces
micturition another term for urination
pyel/o renal pelvis
-stenosis narrowing
What is the baby called for the first 8 weeks of the pregnancy? embryo
Abortion doctor terminates the pregnancy
What is the medical term for menstrual cramping? dysmenorrhea
What is the area between the urethra and the anal opening called? perineum
multipara given birth to live infants more than once; one at a time
What is the beginning of menstruation called? meanarche
What is the end of menstruation called? menopause
What is the length of time during a pregnancy called? 40 weeks, gestation
What is an excess amount of fluid around the testes called? hydrocele
What is the main difference between the urethra in a male and the urethra in a female? (hint: it has to do with what goes through them) Urethra in male: urine and sperm Urethra in female: urine only
What is an inflammation of the glans penis called? balanitis
What is it called when the testes do not descend into the scrotal sac? cryptochidism
Castration removal of testes; ovaries
centesis puncture of a cavity
colp/o vaginia
mast/o breast
oophor/o ovary
orch/o testes
PSA prostate- specifc antigen; a test for prostate cancer
Where is bile stored? gallbladder
urethra tubular canal which carries urine from bladder to outside of body
-algia pain
cyst/o bladder
dysuria diffcult of painful urination
lith/o stone
Spontaneous abortion body terminates the pregnancy; another name for miscarriage
What is "abruptio placenta"? Placenta tears away from uterine wall prematurely
What is another name for a bengin tumor in the uterus? fibroid tumor
multigravida pregnant one of more times
Sterilization a male or female who is unable to conceive children
Created by: DougieFresh54