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The Body and Systems

My Human Body Systems booklet

QuestionAnswer
delivers oxygen and removes waste throughout the body red blood cells
helps the body defend against infectious diseases as part of the immune system white blood cells
carries information from one area of the body to another area through electrical impulses nerve cells
serves in the processes of bone formation and bone decay bone cells
this type of muscle can be found within the walls of organs: lungs, stomach, heart, esophagus, intestines, etc. involuntary muscle cells
responsible for making the organs work; these muscles work without you having to do anything involuntary muscle cells
responsible for movement and posture; you must consciously decide to use these muscles voluntary muscle cells
the cells that make up the outer covering of the body skin cells
protects our bodies skin cells
this organ is, pinkish, squishy, and spongy ; located in the head brain
this organ interprets what you are tasting, smelling, seeing, hearing, thinking, dreaming, breathing, and etc. brain
these are thin threads that conduct electrical impulses throughout the body nerves (nerve cells)
sends electrical impulses to the brain and spinal cord when you are moving, running, sleeping, laughing, singing, remembering, etc nerves
the________ ________ is a thick cord of nerves that runs through the spine spinal cord
receives neural signals and sends messages to the brain and the rest of the body to do things spinal cord
made up of your brain, spinal cord, and an enormous network of nerves nervous system
the bones and joints make up this system which allows you to stand and move skeletal system
bones make this up; can be found throughout the entire body; function is movement and support of the body skeleton
this protective tissue makes up the nose and ears cartilage
connecting point between two bones joints
allows parts of the body to move and bend (ex. in the wrists and ankles) joints
organ system consisting of skeletal, smooth, and cardiac muscles muscular system
also known as skeletal muscle; we control the contractions of these muscles voluntary
although we consciously control these muscles, we may also control them on a subconscious level (ex. diaphragm) voluntary
this type of muscle can be found in your heart and lungs; it is controlled subconsciously involuntary
the type of muscles that helps pump blood and digest food involuntary
the system that contains the heart, arteries, and veins that pump blood throughout the body circulatory system
the ________ is a muscular organ in both humans and animals that pumps blood heart
pumps blood throughout your body heart
bright red vessels throughout the whole body arteries
_______ carry oxygen, rich blood throughout your body and allows you to feed your pulse arteries
blue vessels throughout the body veins
______ carry oxygen, poor blood back to the heart veins
responsible for body movement muscle tissue
_________ _________ consists of involuntary muscle cells(organs);voluntary muscle cells(to move the skeleton) muscular tissue
the tissue of the blood and bones connective tissue
___________ ___________consists of bone cells; red blood cells and white blood cells connective tissue
transmits messages throughout the body from the brain through the spinal cord; consists of nerve cells nervous tissue
the tissue of the skin, outer coverings. and the lining of the organs; example: skin cells epithelial tissue
formed by tissues working together; organs in an animals body perform major functions that keep the animals alive(ex. heart, kidney, liver); organs working together creates systems organs
transports oxygen nutrients, and wastes through the body in the blood; major parts: heart and blood circulatory system
the process of breathing which enables your cells to get oxygen; contains lungs, nose, and trachea (windpipe) respiratory system
organization of your bones to provide support for your body and protect many of your internal organs; major parts are bones, tendons(attach muscles to bones), ligaments(attach bones to bones), cartilage(connective tissue) (ex. tip of nose and tips) skeletal system
moves bones and holds your skeleton upright; major parts muscles(voluntary) tendons(attach bones to muscles) muscular system
provides nutrients to your cells so they can produce energy; major parts: mouth/saliva, esophagus: tube that leads to stomach, small and large intestines, stomach, liver and pancreas: provides liquids that breaks down foods and neutralize acid digestive system
Created by: macy123