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Ch.8 Anatomy

Notes

QuestionAnswer
Pectoral Girdle #/bones 4 Bones
Upper Limb #/bones 60 Bones
Pelvic Girdle #/bones 2 Bones
Lower Limb #/bones 60 Bones
What shape is the clavicle in S Shaped
Lateral---> Medial
Acromial End Sternal End
What shape is the scapulae in? Triangle Shaped page 249
In the scapulae we would find three borders. What are those three borders? Superior Border
Glenoid Cavity Is where the humerus articulates with the scapula. (Ball and Socket )
Acromion Is where the clavicle articulates with the clavicle. (Where clavicle attaches)
You have medial and lateral _______________. epidcondlyes
Ulna: Found medial to the radius
Olecranon Where the Ulna joins with the humerus
Distal Radioulnar Joint Where the lateral surface of the ulnar head articulates with the radius.
Articular Disc does not articulate with the carpals... a piece of cartilage does.
Raduis Later bone of the forearm
Radial head articulates with the _______________ Humerus
Styloid Process articulates with the wrist on the distal end.
Carpals#___ Eight
1st-4th Carpals are... Proximal Carpals
Name the Carpals 1-4 Triquetrum, Lunate, Scaphiod, Pisiform
2nd - 4th Distal Carpals Hamate, Capitate, Trapeziod, Trapezium
Metacarpals articulate with distal four carpals- proximal
Medial --- Later on fingers 1-5 Medial -- 5 (L.F) ...4......3........3....1 (Thumb) ----Lateral
Phalanges on Each Hand 14
Each of the others have ____ phalanges. (Proximal, Middle, Distal) three
What three parts are in the coxal bone? And how many of each? Illium (2).. Ischium (2)... Pubis(2) ````
Acetabulum Socket for femur to fit into the pelvic spot.
Sacroiliac Joint (Turtle Shell) Auricular surface of the ilium articulates with the auricular surface of the sacrum
What are the three pelvis differences 1) Female is smoother and lighter, 2) Female has less-prominent markings, 3) Greater angles and curvatures for childbearing reasons in females.
Femur Strongest, Heaviest and Longest bone in the body and lower body.
Where does the femoral head fit into? Acetabulum of the pelvis on the proximal end.
Medial & Lateral condyles articulates with the __________ on the distal end. Tibia (not fibula.)
The patella is what type of bone Sesamoid bone (enclosed within the tendon of the quadriceps femoris.
What is the largest bone in the lower leg? Tibia
Fibula: Smaller of the lower leg bones.
Tarsals are found where? Feet
How many tarsals are found in the ankle? 7 Bones in each ankle
Which are larger tarsals or carpals? Tarsals
Talus Largest in the ankle.
Calcaneus Heel Bone
Cuboid Anterior to calcaneus
Navicular Anterior to the talus
others, Medial, Intermediate, Lateral, Cuneiform
Metatarsals Medial----1(bigtoe)....2......3.....4.....5 (pinky)
The two arches of the hand are... Longitudinal and Transverse
The result of no arch. Flat feet
Male or Female: Heavier Rougher Male
Male or female: pelvis under 90 degress Male
Male or Female : Lighter Smoother Female
Male or Female: Cranium 10% L Male
Male or Female::: Pelvis-Narrow Male
Male or Female:: Pelvis:: Broader Female
Male or Female: Greater than 100 degrees Female
Male or Female: Cranium: 10% S Female
Created by: ldonahue