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Anatomy Chapter 8

Chapter 8 Test

QuestionAnswer
how many bones are in the pectoral girdle? 4
How many bones are in the upper limbs? 60
How many bones are in the pelvic girdle? 2
How many bones are in the the lower limbs? 60
How many bones are in the appendicular skeleton? 126
"S" shpaed, fractures are common b/c they are small and fragile clavicle
Triangle shaped bone scapulae
where the humerus articulates with the scapula glenoid cavity
where the clavicle articulates with the clavicle ACROMION
the head articulates with the scapula at the glenoid cavity humerus
processes that develop proximal to articulation epicondyles
what is the funny bone where the ulnar nerve crosses the medial epicondyle
where the humerus articulates wih the radius and ulna and is divided into two articular region condyle
region that joins with the ulna trochlea
region that joins with raduis capitulum
In atomical position this bone is found medial to the radius ulna
superior end of the ulna, where the ulna joins with the humerus Olecranon
where the lateral surface of the ulnar head articulates with the radius distal radioulnar joint
The piece of cartilage that articulates with the carpals articular disc
articulates with the humerus at the capitulum radial head
articulates with the wrist on the distal end styloid process
how many bone are in the wrist? 8
the first four proximal carpals T L S P triquetrum lunate scaphoid pisiform
The four distal carpal bones H C T T hamate capitate trapezoid trapezium
articulates with the 4 distal carpals metacarpals
how many phalanges are in each hand? 14
What is the first finger known as pollex
Name the 3 phalanges proximal middle distal
The coxal bones are formed by the fusion of what 3 parts? ilium ischium pubis
joined in the anterior, called Pubic Symphysis by median fibrous cartilage Pubis
socket for femur to fit Acetabuum
Articular surface of the ilium articulates with the auricular surface of the sacrum sacroiliac joint
How many bones are found in the pelvis 2
How many parts are are in the pelvis 6
strongest heaviest and longest bone of the body femur
femoral head fits into the _______ of the pelvis on the proximal end Acetabulum
Medial and Lateral condyle articulates with the ______ on the distal end Tibia
a large sesamoid bone patella
largest bone of the lower leg tibia
the part of the tibia that sticks out on the lower medial part of the tibia Medial Malleolus
smaller of the lower leg bones, also located laterally on lower leg, does not articulate with the femur fibula
7 bones found in each ankle tarsals
transmits weight from the tibia to the toes talus
heel bone, largest of the tarsals, site of attachment for the achilles tendon calcaneous
anterior to calcaneous cuboid
anterior to talus navicular
calcaneous to metatarsals longitudinal
medial to lateral borders of foot transverse arch
male skeletal characteristics Heavier 90 degrees cranium 10% larger pelvis is narrow
female skeleton characteristics lighter smoother greater than 100 degrees cranium is 10% smaller pelvis is broader
Created by: czillner