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Embalming Q2

Arteries & Veins

QuestionAnswer
A.L.: SCM articulation to superior border of thyroid cartilage right common carotid
A.L.: level of the 2nd costal cartilage left common carotid
A.L.: lateral border of 1st rib to inferior border of teres major axillary
A.L.: inferior border of teres major to just inferior to antecubital fossa brachial
A.L.: just inferior to antecubital fossa to palm of the hand radial & ulnar
A.L.: lateral border of 1st rib right subclavian
A.L.: 2nd costal cartilage to lateral border of 1st rib left subclavian
A.L.: opposite sachroiliac synchondrosis to center of & beneath inguinal ligament external iliac
A.L.: center of & beneath inguinal ligament to opening of adductor magnus muscle femoral
A.L.: opening in adductor magnus muscle to inferior border of popliteus muscle popliteal
A.L.: inferior border of popliteus muscle to front of ankle joint anterior tibial
A.L.: inferior border of popliteus to behind origin of abductor hallucis muscle posterior tibial
A.G.:medial border of SCM, lateral border of trachea common carotid
A.G.: just behind medial border of the coracobrachialis muscle axillary
A.G.: medial border of biceps brachii muscle brachial
A.G.: lateral to tendon of the flexor carpi radialis muscle radial
A.G.: lateral to flexor carpi ulnaris muscle between flexor digitorum ulnar
A.G.: inferior medial border of psoas major external iliac
A.G.: center of femoral triangle/Scarpa's triangle femoral
A.G.: back of knee behind patella popliteal
A.G.: anterior & lateral edge of the tibia anterior tibial
A.G.: groove/space behind & below inner maleolus posterior tibial
A.G.: groove between tendons of extensor hallucis longus & extensor digitorum longus on dorsal side of foot dorsalis pedis
L.G.: line from SCM articulation to the anterior surface of ear lobe common carotid
accompanying vein for common carotid internal jugular
vein lateral & superficial to common carotid internal jugular
Site of incision: along posterior 1/3rd of inferior margin of mandible just anterior to angle of the mandible facial artery
the continuation of the subclavian axillary artery
L.G.: line drawn through center of base of axillary space & parallel to the long axis of the upper extremity when abducted (through center of armpit) axillary artery
accompanying vein for axillary artery axillary vein
L.G.: line drawn from center of base of axillary space to center of forearm just inferior to antecubital fossa (medial border of biceps brachii muscle) brachial artery
accompanying vein for brachial artery (just lateral & superficial to brachial artery) basilic vein
lateral branch of the bifurcation of the brachial artery radial artery
L.G.: line drawn on anterior surface of antecubital fossa to the center of the base of the index finger radial artery
medial branch of bifurcation of brachial artery ulnar artery
L.G.: line drawn on the anterior surface of the forearm from the center of the antecubital fossa to a point between the 4th & 5th fingers ulnar artery
bifurcation of the abdominal aorta common iliac artery
superior branch of the bifurcation of the common iliac external iliac
L.G.: line drawn from anterior superior iliac spine (asis) to center of pubic symphasis external iliac
inferior branch of common iliac internal iliac artery
continuation of the external iliac femoral artery
L.G.: line drawn on anterior surface of thigh from center of inguinal ligament to the center point of medial condyle of femur femoral artery
continuation of the femoral artery popliteal artery
L.G.: line drawn through center of popliteal space parallel to long axis of lower extremity popliteal artery
anterior branch of bifurcation of popliteal artery anterior tibial artery
L.G.: line drawn from lateral border of patella to anterior surface of ankle joint anterior tibial artery
posterior branch of bifurcation of popliteal artery posterior tibial artery
L.G.: line drawn from center of popliteal space to a point midway between medial malleolus & calcaneus bone or tendon posterior tibial artery
continuation of anterior tibial artery dorsalis pedis
L.G.: line drawn from center of anterior surface of ankle joint to a point between great toe & second toe dorsalis pedis
The abdominal aorta bifurcates into the ____ at the terminal end common iliac
Arteries used to embalm the arms in an autopsied case subclavians
central part of the vascular system heart
large blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart arteries
small vessels that carry blood away from the heart arterioles
minute blood vessels, the walls of which comprise a single layer of endothelial cells capillaries
blood vessels that connect the smallest arteries (arterioles) with the smallest veins (venules) and are where pressure filtration occurs capillaries
large vessels that carry blood to the heart veins
small vessels that carry blood to the heart venules
outer surface/layer of the heart epicardium
middle layer of the heart myocardium
innermost layer of the heart endocardium
outermost layer of blood vessel wall tunica adventitia
middle layer of blood vessel wall tunica media
inner layer of blood vessel wall tunica intima
network of small blood vessels that supply the walls of large blood vessels vasa vasorum
heart muscle layer that is thinnest in the atrium myocardium
heart muscle layer that is thickest in the ventricles, especially the left ventricle myocardium
sheet of muscle that separates the left and right halves of the heart cardiac septum
superior border of Scarpa's triangle inguinal ligament (Poupart's ligament)
lateral border of Scarpa's triangle sartorius
medial border of Scarpa's triangle adductor longus
four structures found in Scarpa's triangle femoral Nerve, femoral Artery, femoral Vein, Emptying of the great sphenous vein
hollow opening inside a blood vessel lumen
thoracic aorta branches (superior to inferior) esophageal > bronchial > mediastinal > pericardial > ant. & pos. intercostals > subcostals > superior phrenic
abdominal aorta branches (superior to inferior) int. phrenic > celiac axis (common hepatic, left gastric, splenic) > sup. mesenteric > suprarenal > renal > lumbar > int. spermatic/ovarian > inf. mesenteric > middle sacral
branch of external carotid (supply the areas of the face but not the ears) external maxillary arteries (a.k.a. facial artery)
arteries that are clamped or ligated when embalming a head post Internal carotids
medial section of the inferior thigh, middle 1/3rd Hunter's canal
superior border of Hunter's canal sartorius
medial border of Hunter's canal adductor longus
inferior border of Hunter's canal adductor magnus
lateral border of Hunter's canal vatus medialis
advantageous factors of arteries 1. accessibility 2. proximity to arch of aorta 3. diameter 4. effect on posing the body 5. location re: exposed areas of the body 6. veins/drainage
anastomosis blood vessel running colaterally (side-by-side) to another vessel
factors governing selection of arteries on any given body 1. age & gender 2. weight 3. disfigurations 4. disease 5. local obstruction/congestion 6. mutilation 7. medical/legal requirements 8. cause of death
Created by: leahmurphy