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Chapter 5

Key Roots, suffixes, and Prefixes, Acronyms/Abbreviations

andr/o Male
colp/o Vagina
cyst/o cyst
dips/o thirst
glomerul/o glomerulus
gyn/o female
hydr/o water
hyster/o uterus
ket/o ketone bodies/ketoacidosis
lith/o stones
mamm/o breast
mast/o breast
meat/o meatus
men/o menstruation, month
metr/o uterus, measure
nephr/o kidney
obstetr/o pregnancy, childbirth
olig/o scant,few
oophor/o ovary
orch/i testicle
ov/o egg
perie/o perimeum
peritone/o peritoneum
prostat/o prostate
pyel/o renal pelvis
ren/o kidney
salping/o uterine rube, fallopian tube
test/o testicle
tryg/o trigone region/kidney
ur/o urine
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
uria urination/urinary condition
urin/o urnie
uter/o uterus
vagin/o vulva
ARF Acute Renal Failure
BV Bacterial Vaginosis
CPP Chronic Pelvic Pain
CKD Chronic Kidney Disease
CRF Chronic Renal Failure
Cx Cervix
DUB Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding
ESRD End stage Renal Disease
LMP Last menstrual period
PMS Premenstrual Syndrome
PSA Prostate Specific Antigen
SUI Stress Urinary Incontinence
UA Urinalysis
UTI Urinary Tract Infection
amni/o amnion
ante before
arche/o first
crypt/o hidden
culd/o cul-de-sac
endo in
episi/o vulva
fet/o fetus
galact/o milk
gynec/o female
hymen/o hymen
lact/o milk
mamm/o breast
men/o menstruation, month
qmulti many
nat/a, nat/i birth
neo new
obstetr/o pregnancy/childbirth
olig/o few
perine/o perineum
peritone/o peritoneum
post after
prime first
psuedo false
retro backwards
AGA Appropriate for gestational age
ARM Artificial rupture of membrane
BV Bacterial Vagnosis
CP Cephalopelvic disproportion
CS Cesarean Section
EDD Estimated Date of Delivery
EFW Estimated Fetal Weight
FAS Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
G Gravid (pregnant)
HSV Herpes Simplex Virus
LGA Large for gestational age
OB Obstetrics
PROM Premature rupture of a membrane
SROM Spontaneous rupture of a membrane
aden/o gland
adip/o fat
albin/o white
auto/o self
cutane/o skin
cyan/o blue
derm/o skin
erythem/o red
hidr/o sweat
ichthy/o dry/scaly
kerat/o Hard
Melan/o black
necr/o death
pil/o hair
seb/o sebum/oil
staphyl/o custer
trich/o hair
ungu/o nail
xanth/o yellow
Derm Dermatology
PPD Purified protein derivative; skin test for tuberculosis
SLE Systemic Lupus erythematous
SubQ Subcutaneous
arthr/o joint
chondr/o cartilage
cost/o rib
fasci/o fibrous tissue
lamin/o lamina
malacia softening
my/o muscle
myel/o bone marrow, spinal cord
oste/o bone
spindly/o vertebra
ACL Anterior Cruciate Ligament
AKA Above the knee amputation
BKA Below the knee amputation
C1-C7 Cervical Vertebrae
CTS Carpel Tunnel Syndrome
Fx Fracture
L1-L5 Lumbar Vertebrae
OA Osteoarthritis
RA Rheumatoid Arthritis
T1-T12 Thoracic Vertebrae
TMJ Temporomandibular joint
Spin/o Spine
Stenosis narrowing
AVS Aortic Valve Stenosis
ASD Atrial septal defect
CoA Coarctation of the aorta
PDA Patent ductus arteriosus
PTA Persistent tuncus arteriosus
TAPVR Total pulmonary venous return
TOF Tetralogy of fallot
VSD Ventricular septal defect
arche/o first
cephal/o head
fet/o fetus
nat/a, nat/l birth
primi first
retro backwards
version turning
AGA Appropriate for gestational age
ARM Artificial rupture of membrane
CPD Cephalopelvic disproportion
CMV Congenital cytomegalovirus
EFW Estimated fetal weight
LGA Large for gestational age
RDS Respiratory distress syndrome
IUGR Intrauterine growth retardation
Created by: BBracha