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kinesiology muscles

upper trapezius occipital bone, nuchal ligament outer third of clavicle, acromion process scapular elevation and upward rotaiton spinal accessory (cranial nerve XI)
middle trapezius spinal processes of C7 through T3 scapular spine scapular retraction spinal accessory (cranial nerve XI)
lower trapezius spinous processes of middle and lower thoracic vertebrae base of the scapular spine scapular depression and upward rotation spinal accessory (cranial nerve XI)
levator scapula transverse process of first four cervical vertebrae vertebral border of scapula between the superior angle and spine scapular elevation and downward rotation third and fourth cervical nerves
rhomboids spinous processes of C7 through T5 vertebral border of scapula between the spine and inferior angle scapular retraction and downward rotation dorsal scapular nerve
serratus anterior lateral surface of the upper eight ribs vertebral border of the scapula, anterior surface scapular protraction and upward rotaiotn long thoracic nerve
pectoralis minor anterior surface, third through fifth ribs coracoid process of the scapuls scapular depression, protraction, and downward rotation medial pectoral nerve
anterior deltoid lateral third of the clavicle deltoid tuberosity shoulder flexion, medial rotation, horizontal ladduction axillary nerve
middle deltoid acromion process deltoid tuberosity shoulder abduction axillary nerve
posterior deltoid spine of scapula deltoid tuberosity shoulder extension, hyperextension, lateral rotation, horizontal abduction axillary nerve
supraspinatus supraspinous fossa of the scapula greater tubercle of the humerus shoulder abduction suprascapular nerve
pectoralis major medial third of clavicle, sternum, costal cartilage of first six ribs lateral lip of bicipital groove of humerus shoulder adduction, medial rotaion, horizontal adduction, flexion to approximately first 60 degress, extension to approximately first 120 degres lateral and medial pectoral nerve
latissimus dorsi spinous processes of T7 through L5, posterior surface of sacrum, illiac crest, and lower three ribs medial lip of bicipital groove of humerus shoulder extension, adduction, medial rotation, hyperextension thoracodorsal nerve
teres major axillary border of scapula near the inferior angle crest elow lesser tubercle next to the latissimus dorsi muscle attachment shoulder extension, adduction, medial rotation subscapular nerve
infraspinatus infraspinous fossa of scapula greater tubercle of humerus shoulder lateral rotation, horizontal abduction suprascapular nerve
teres minor axillary border of scapula greater tubercle of humerus shoulder lateral rotaion, horizontal abduction axillary nerve
subscapularis subscapular fossa of the scapula lesser tubercle of the humerus shoulder medial rotaion subscapular nerve
coracobrachailis coracoid process of the scapula medial surface of the humerus near midpoint stabilizes the shoulder joint musculocutaneous nerve
brachialis distal half of humerus, anterior surface coronoid process and ulnar tuberosity of the ulna elbow flexion musculocutaneous nerve
brachioradialis lateral supracondylar ridge on the humerus styloid process of the radius elbow flexion radial nerve
biceps scapula: long head-supraglenoid tubercle, short head-coracoid process radial tuberosity of radius elbow flexion, forearm supination musculocutaneous nerve
supinator lateral epicondyle of humerus and adjacent ulna anterior surface of proximal radius forearm supination radial nerve
triceps long head-infraglenoid tubercle of scapuls, lateral head-inferior to greater tubercle on posterhumerus, medial head-posterior surface of humerus olecranon process of ulna elbow extension radial nerve
pronator teres medial epicondyle of humerus and coranoid process of ulna later aspect of radius at its midpoint forearm pronation, assistive in elbow flexion median nerve
pronator quadratus distal fourth of ulna distal fourth of radius forearm pronation median nerve
flexor carpi ulnaris medial epicondyle of humerus pisiform, and base of fith metacarpal wrist flexion, ulnar deviation ulnar nerve
flexor carpi radialis medial epicondyle of humerus base of second and third metacarpals wrist flexion, radial deviation median nerve
palmaris longus medial epicondyle of humerus palmar fascia assistive in wrist flexion median nerve
extensor carpi radialis longus supracondylar ridge of humerus base of second metacarpal wrist extension, radial deviation radial nerve
extensor carpi radialis brevis lateral epicondyle of humerus base of third metacarpal wrist extension radial nerve
extensor carpi ulnaris lateral epicondyle of humerus base of fifth metacarpal wrist extension, ulnar deviation radial nerve
flexor digitorum superficialis common flexor tendon, coronoid process, and radius sides of the middle phalanx of the four finger flexes MP and PIP joints of the fingers median nerve
flexor digitorum profundus upper three-fourths of ulna distal phalanx of the four fingers flexes all three joints of the fingers median and ulnar nerves
extensor digitorum lateral epicondyle of the humerus base of distal phalanx of the second through fifth fingers extends all three joints of the fingers radial nerve
extensor digiti minimi lateral epicondyle of humerus base of distal phalanx of fifth finger extends all joints of fifth finger radial nerve
extensor indicis distal ulna base of distal phalanx of the second finger extends all joints of the second finger radial nerve
flexor digiti minimi hamate and flexor retinaculum base of proximal phalanx of the fifth finger flexes MP of the fifth finger ulnar nerve
abductor digiti minimi pisiform and tendon of flexor carpi ulnaris proximal phalanx of fifth finger abducts MP of the fifth finger ulnar nerve
opponens digiti minimi hamate and flexor retinaculum fifth metacarpal opposes the fifth finger ulnar nerve
palmar interossei metacarpal base of the proximal phalanx adduction of finger ulnar nerve
dorsal interossei two adjacent metacarpals base of proximal phalanx abduction of fingers ulnar nerve
lumbricales tendon of the flexor digitorum profundus muscle tendon of the extensor digitorum muscle flex the MP joint while extending the IP joints 1st and 2nd lumbircales-medial nerve, 3rd and 4th lumbricales-ulnar nerve
flexor pollicis longus radius, anterior surface distal phalanx of thumb flexes all joints of the thumb median nerve
abductor pollicis longus posterior radius, interosseous membrane, middle ulna base of the first metacarpal abducts thumgb radial nerve
extensor pollicis brevis posterior distal radius base of the proximal phalanx of the thumb extends MP joint of thumb radial nerve
extensor pollicis longus middle opsterior ulna and interosseous membrane base of distal phalanx of thumb extends MP and IP joints of the thumb radial nerve
flexor pollicis brevis trapezium and flexor retinaculum proximal phalanx flexes MP joint of thumb median nerve
abductor pollicis brevis scaphoid, trapezium and flexor retinaculum proximal phalanx abducts the thumb median nerve
opponens pollicis trapezium and flexor retinaculum first metacarpal opposes the thumb median nerve
adductor pollicis capitate, base of the second metacarpal, palmar surface of the third metacarpal base of proximal phalanx of the thumb adducts thumb ulnar nerve
Created by: asturr02



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