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NHOH HM Manual CH 18

NAVEDTRA 14295B CH 18: Pharmacy

QuestionAnswer
Pharmacology is a basic medical science that deals with the study of which specialty? Drugs
The branch of pharmacology that deals with the preparation, dispensing, and proper use of medications is? Pharmacy
The actual title of the “blue bible” of pharmacology is? Remington’s The Science and Practice of Pharmacy
The amount of medication administered is referred to as which of the following? Dose
The minimum and maximum amount of a drug required to produce the desired effect is referred to by what term? Dosage range
What dose refers to the least amount of a drug that can cause death? Minimum lethal
The most common factor influencing the amount of drug given to a patient is? Age
What two primary factors, if any, determine a dose? Age and weight
What is the proper dose in milliliters of ampicillin for an 8-year old child if the adult dose is 15 ml? 6
What is the name of the rule used to determine appropriate dosage of medication based on a child’s weight? Clark’s Rule
Determine the appropriate dose in milligrams of medication for a child weighing 30 pounds if the average dose for an adult is 600 mg. 120
A drug given continuously to a patient often has to be increased in dosage to maintain the desired effect. The need for a larger dose is probably caused by? An acquired tolerance from habitual use
The most common method of administering medications is ________. Orally
What term is used to define a medication that is placed under the tongue? Sublingual
Which of the following is an example of a drug injected intradermally? Purified protein derivative
What technique introduces a drug directly into a vein? Intravenous
In what form are medications introduced into the body through inhalation? Gas
Normally, how many names do medications have? Three
Which of the following is NOT a way in which drugs are grouped? - By chemical characteristics - By their brand names - By their source - By their action on the body By their brand names
Aluminum acetate, an astringent, is often used to treat which of the following conditions? - Athlete’s foot - External otitis - Poison ivy - All of the above All the above. (Athlete's foot, External otitis, Poison ivy)
Which of the following is a bronchomutropic agent? Guaifenesin
Which of the following is a characteristic side effect of antihistamines? Drowsiness
Which of the following medications is administered to control motion sickness? Meclizine hydrochloride
In conjunction with antacids, which of the following is used to treat duodenal ulcers? Ranitidine
The drug group most often used to treat dyspepsia is? Antacids
In addition to being an antacid, magnesium hydroxide may be used as a/an? Laxative
The standard by which all other antiseptics are measured is? Phenol
The primary pharmacological action of sulfonamides is? Bacteriostatic
The most common use for systemic sulfonamides is in the treatment of which of the conditions listed below? Urinary tract infections
Silver sulfadiazine is used almost exclusively in the treatment of? Burns
The drug of choice for uncomplicated group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis is? Penicillin V Potassium
Patients sensitive to penicillin may also exhibit sensitivity to cephalosporins. True
Milk or milk products may interfere with the absorption of which of the following drugs? Tetracycline hydrochloride
Macrolides are effective against which of the following organisms? Gram-positive cocci
Which of the following is an appropriate substitute for penicillin when penicillin is contraindicated? Erythromycin
Undeclyenic acid is used as a/an? Antifungal
Supplemental potassium may be required with which of the following categories of drugs? Diuretics
The drug of choice for the treatment and management of grand mal seizures is? Phenytoin sodium
Prochlorperizine is used mainly to? Treat symptoms of nausea and vomiting
Muscle relaxants include all of the following EXCEPT? - Methocarbamol - Diazepam - Cyclobenzaprine - Methylphenidate Methylphenidate
Water-soluble vitamins are not excreted in the urine and are stored in the body in moderate amounts. True
The vitamin deficiency associated with night blindness is? Vitamin A
The agent used to treat pernicious anemia is? Cyanocobalamin
Which of the following is the vitamin involved in absorption and use of calcium and phosphorus? Vitamin D
The correct abbreviations for the metric systems of primary units of measure for weight, volume, and linear dimensions are? g, l, m
Which of the following is equal to one one-hundredth of a liter? Centiliter
A prescription requires two ounces of a substance supplied in liters. How many milliliters are required to fill the prescription? 60 mL
You have 360 grams of a compound. If 54 grams of the compound is silver nitrate, what is the percentage strength of silver nitrate? 15%
All pharmacies that dispense prescriptions are required to have what Class balance? Class A
What drug incompatibility occurs when agents antagonistic to one another are prescribed together? Therapeutic
Eutexia is an example of what type of drug incompatibility manifestation? Physical
A properly administered drug dosage that has an unintended or harmful effect on the patient is the definition of which of the following terms? Adverse reaction
What chapter of The Manual of the Medical Department gives guidance on pharmacy operations and drug control? 21
What DD form is used to prescribe controlled and noncontrolled medications? DD form 1289
In the prescription block of DD Form 1289, what part lists the name and quantity of the ingredient prescribed? Inscription
If, in the course of filling a prescription, the HM feels that there may be a discrepancy or incompatibility, the HM should take which of the following actions? Consult the prescriber to verify the prescription before filling
What types of prescription medications have the potential for abuse? Controlled
Which of the following is a Schedule III medication? Nonbarbiturate sedative
What schedule of medications can never be ordered with refills? Schedule II
How many board members are on the Controlled Substance Inventory Board? Three
Controlled substances must be inventoried at least? Quarterly