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NHOH HM Manual Ch 8

NAVEDTRA 14295B Ch 8: Oral Pathology

What condition does the science of Oral Pathology NOT treat? Surgical procedures
Who is responsible for informing a patient when an oral disease is found? Dental Officer
About how many milliliters (ml) of saliva do the salivary glands secrete on a daily basis? 1500 ml
An enclosed pouch or sac that contains fluid or semi-solid material...? Abscess
May be caused by biting, denture irritation, toothbrush injury, viruses, or other irritants...? Ulcers
A round pinpoint non-raised, lesion with purplish-red spots...? Petechiae
A local collection of blood that escaped from blood vessels because of trauma....? Hematoma
A small elevation that contains fluid...? Vesicles
Large, purplish-red areas caused by blood under the skin or mucosa....? Ecchymoses
Commonly caused by a bacterial infection.... Abscess
When dental caries first appear on enamel, what is that appearance? A chalky white spot
What type of bacteria has been linked to tooth decay? Streptococci
Recurrent caries will occur in a tooth in what circumstances? 1. Trapped air pockets 2. Sealed margins 3. Leaky margins
Pit and fissure caries develop in what area of a tooth? Depressions
Smooth surface caries develop in what area of a tooth? Proximal surfaces
Pulpalgia commonly occurs after what procedure has been performed on a tooth? After a restoration
What definition best describes pulpitis? Inflammation of the dental pulp
If a periapical abscess is left untreated, in what area of a tooth will bone loss occur? Apex
Dead pulpal tissue will decompose and produce which of the following results? Toxins
What chronic disease is the most prevalent in mankind? Periodontal
Marginal gingivitis usually starts in what areas? Tips of the papillae
The ulceration of the gingival crest in NUG results in what type of an appearance? Swollen
When periodontitis progresses, the gingival tissues will appear as what color? Bluish red
During pocket formation, what type of projections of calculus form between the teeth? Shelf-like
The gingiva surrounding a periodontal abscess will have what kind of appearances? Inflamed and swollen
Recurrent aphthous stomatitis are lesions of what type? Ulcers
What type of herpes simplex virus is most commonly diagnosed in oral pathology? HSV-1
Recurrent herpes simplex lesions that affect routine dental treatment should be rescheduled for what period of time? After the active phase
What oral manifestations are signs of HIV infection? 1. Candidiasis 2. Hairy leukoplakia 3. Kaposi’s sarcoma
What are the two types of neoplasms that can be diagnosed in oral cancer? Benign and malignant
The growth or spread of malignant tumors from one area to another is known by what conditions? Metastasis
The area where the user of smokeless tobacco develops an oral precancerous lesion, is defined as what type of pathology? Snuff-dipper’s keratosis
When does a congenital disorder occur? At birth
What condition must exist for an impaction to occur? Physical barrier
What conditions cause attrition? Breakdown of enamel, dentin, and cementum
Which disorder affects patients with Bulimia? Erosion