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social studies unit4

What is government? A person or group that makes and enforces the laws in a region
What are the two main reasons people create governments? To protect and to provide services for people of all ages
What are examples of ways government protects people? Police, fire departments, military etc.
What are examples of ways government serves people? Schools, parks, libraries
What factors help countries to cooperate? Same language, same religion, same type of government
Put these political divisions in order form largest to smallest: city, state, country, town Country, State, City, Town
What factors often cause conflict between two countries? Different language, different religions, different types of government
What is diplomacy? Solving disagreements peacefully
What happens when diplomacy fails? Military conflict
What is a treaty? A signed agreement between two or more countries
What is an international organization? A group of countries working together toward a common goal
What do democracy and constitutional monarchy have in common? In both, the real power to make decisions is held by elected representatives who are chosen by the people of the country, and the citizens have many rights protected by law
How are democracy and constitutional monarchy different? In a representative democracy all government leaders are elected, but in constitutional monarchy there are elected leaders as well as a symbolic king or queen who inherits the position
How are absolute monarchy and dictatorship the same? In both, power is held by one person or small group that has total control, and the citizens have few/no rights
How are absolute monarchy and dictatorship different? In absolute monarchy the ruler inherits power, but in dictatorship the ruler seizes power
Who has power in a representative democracy? The people, who can elect representatives
Who has power in an absolute monarchy? The king or queen
Who has power in a constitutional monarchy? The people, who can elect representatives; The king or queen plays a symbolic role
Who has power in a dictatorship? the dictator. none of the people. they have little to no rights
Who has power in a theocracy? Religious leaders
How do representatives obtain power to make decision in a democracy and constitutional monarchy? Elected by the people
How does a king or queen obtain power in a monarchy? Inherits power from family member
How does a dictator obtain power? Seizes it, usually by using military force
How do leaders obtain power in a theocracy? They are supposedly chosen or guided by the religion's god/gods
What kind of rights do citizens have in democracy and constitutional monarchy? Many rights, which are protected by law
What kind of rights do citizens have in an absolute monarchy? Few/no rights; must obey the king/queen who has total power
What kind of rights do citizens have in a dictatorship? Few/no rights; must obey the dictator and serve the government as required
What kind of rights do citizens have in a theocracy? Few/no rights; laws are based on the teachings of the particular religion in that country
Created by: Fs5158