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11 System of Body

Organs and basic functions of all 11 systems of the human body

SystemOrgans + Function
Integumentary Includes: skin, hair nails, and cutaneous glands Functions: Protection, Water Retention, Thermoregulation, Vitamin D Synthesis, Cutaneous Sensation, Nonverbal Communication
Skeletal Includes: bones, cartilages, and ligaments Functions: Support, Movement, Protective Enclosure of Viscera, Blood Formation, Mineral Storage, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Balance
Muscular Includes: skeletal muscles Functions: Movement, Stability, Communication, Control of Body Openings, and Heat Production
Nervous Includes: brain, spinal cord, nerves, ganglia Functions: Rapid Internal Communication, Coordination, Motor Control and Sensation
Endocrine Includes: pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, thymus, adrenal glands, pancreas, testes, ovaries Functions: Hormone Production; Internal Chemical Communication and Coordination
Circulatory Includes: heart, and blood vessels Functions: Distribution of Nutrients, Oxygen, Wastes, Hormones, Electrolytes, Heat, Immune Cells, and Antibodies; Fluid, Electrolytes, and Acid-Base Balance
Lymphatic Includes: lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels, thymus, spleen, and tonsils Functions: Recovery of Tissue Fluid, Detection of Pathogens, Production of Immune Cells, and Defense against Disease
Respiratory Includes:nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea,bronchi, and lungs Functions: Absorption of Oxygen, Discharge of Carbon Dioxide, Acid-Base Balance, and Speech
Urinary Includes: kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra Functions: Elimination of Wastes; Regulation of Blood Volume and Pressure; Stimulation of Red Blood Cell Formation; Control of Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance; Detoxification
Digestive Includes: teeth, tongue, salivary glands, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestines, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas Functions: Nutrient Breakdown and Absorption. Liver Functions include Metabolism of Carbohydrates, Lipids, and Proteins, Vitamins
Male Reproductive Includes: testes, epididymides, spermatic ducts, seminal vesicles, prostate gland, bulbourethral glands, penis Functions: Production and Delivery of Sperm; Secretion of Sex Hormones
Female Reproductive Includes: ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, mammary glands Functions: Production of Eggs; Site of Fertalization and Fetal Development; Fetal Nourishment; Birth; Lactation; Secretion of Sex Hormones
Digestive 2 Other Functions: Metabolism of Minerals; Synthesis of Plasma Proteins; Disposal of Drugs, Toxins, and Hormones; and Cleansing of Blood
Created by: taylorc2058
 

 



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