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NHOH HM Manual Ch 22

NAVEDTRA 14295B Ch 22: Poisoning and Drug Abuse

QuestionAnswer
True or False: Poisoning is defined as contact with or exposure to a toxic substance. True
True or False: Toxicology is defined as the science of poisons. True
A patient presents with dilated pupils, fever, dry skin, urinary retention, decreased bowel sounds, and increased heart rate. What toxidrome does this set of symptoms suggest? Anticholinergic
A patient presents with salivation, lacrimation, urination, and muscle weakness. What toxic syndrome does this set of symptoms suggest? Cholinergic
What is the most common route of exposure to toxic chemicals in the home? Ingested
Which of the following is the method of choice for the HM to use to induce vomiting? 15-30 cc of syrup of Ipecac
True or False: When a patient ingests an acid or base treatment is to give a neutralizing agent orally. False
If the HM is unable to reach the poison control center or a physician for specific instructions, how should the HM treat a victim who has ingested turpentine? Give 1 to 2 ounces of vegetable oil orally
Of the following, which is considered the most common agent in inhalation poisoning? Carbon monoxide
Treatment for an inhalation poisoning victim includes all of the following EXCEPT? Administration of stimulants
A patient presents exhibiting signs of anaphylactic reaction to a bee or wasp sting. Of the following, which is NOT considered appropriate treatment? Warm packs over the sting site
The victim of a scorpion sting may safely be given any of the following pharmaceuticals EXCEPT? Demerol or morphine
Symptoms of a black widow spider bite may include severe pain, dyspnea, and ______ . Abdominal rigidity
Crotalids are identified by ______ . 1. Slit-like pupils of the eyes 2. Flat, triangular heads
What is the key identifying feature of the North American coral snake that distinguishes it from other snakes with similar markings? The yellow band is always next to the red band
On patrol, a member of the unit receives a rattlesnake bite just below the elbow. What first aid treatment should be performed? Place a constricting band 2 inches proximal to the bite site
True or False: Valuable information on the antivenom is found in the package inserts. True
The Puffer, Surgeon, Trigger, and Parrot fish are known to be_________. Poisonous at all times
A person suffering from a Venomous Fish sting should? Soak the wound in hot water for 30 to 90 minutes
Identify the fish with which there is antivenom available. Stonefish
Antivenin is available to neutralize the effects of the following types of Coelenterates? Sea wasp, box jellyfish
How many hours after the last dose does narcotic withdraw normally peak? 72 hours
The most widely abused drug(s) is/are? Ethanol
What is not a symptom of alcohol abuse? Increased level of consciousness
Withdrawal from barbiturates is less life threatening than narcotic withdrawal. False
Central nervous system stimulants are not used for ______. Decrease mental alertness
What is not a sign and symptom of stimulant intoxication? Increased appetite
A person may display which sign(s) after using a hallucinogenic drug? Flushed face
Marijuana falls into which category of drugs? Cannabis
Persons who regularly abuse inhalants risk which of the following injuries? 1. Severe brain damage 2. Damaged internal organs 3. Death
In caring for drug-intoxicated persons, the HM should perform what actions as the first priority? Check for an adequate airway