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Quiz 2

Western Civ II

TermDefinition
Scientific Revolution 15th-17th cent Science accepted Old assumptions rejected
Isaac Newton 1642-1722 Invented calculus/laws of gravity All motion explained by math Universe=machine...fixed,eternal Deeply religious Science upholds faith, not in conflict God is author of both science and faith
Salons Reading club
Montesquieu 1689-1755 The Spirit of the Laws. Separation of powers, mixed govt to balance power. Praised Eng system
Rousseau 1712-1778 Law should reflect General will Democratic overtones
Copernicus 1473-1543 Heliocentric thesis Rejected geocentric Catholics and protestants condemned
Scientific method Problem, hypothesis, experiment, theory, law
Enlightenment 18th-Intellectual movement Fulfillment of scientific revolution Man good. Made bad by social upbringing, improveable. Individual achievement, matters, challenging hierarchy. Hope over despair, world can change Opp to arbitrary power, religious skep
Separation of powers Mixed govt in order to keep any one person from becoming too powerful.
General will
Enlightened absolutism
Kepler 1571-1630 More evidence of heliocentric, thesis Protestants slowly accepted
Francis Bacon 1561-1626 Philosopher Science=constant voyage of discovering truth Empirical evidence Facts to support ,onclusions
Deism
Diderot 1713-1784 The Encyclopedia! Open to.all. Know+share
Beccaria Prison reform as rehabilitation over torture. Improve criminals. To call pen, not prison.
Galileo 1564-1642 Perfected telescope therefore proved Kepler and Copernicus right. Science through reason, not bible. Forced to recant/house arrest for life
Rene Decartes 1596-1650 "I think therefore I am." Skepticism Reason=proof Mechanical universe
Voltaire 1694-1778 Author of Candide, sarcastic comedy. Criticized noble pretensions Called for religious freedom Social progress
The Encyclopedia Written record of all knowledge.
Abbe Raynal Denounces slavery and defines as immoral and a violation of laws of nature.
Created by: Danbearjah