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Nutrition Review Exam
|admitted with or have pre-existance heart disease *low fat/cholesterol diet may restrict sodium
|metabolic disorder, inability to synthesize or process food into forms the body can use for energy, growth, & development. *prescribed number of calories & proportions of fats, carbohydrates and proteins.
|for people with celiac disease, an atrophy of the mucosa * complete elimination of gluten
|excessive weight loss, cannot reach/maintain healthy weight * ordinary food plus food with high calorie count.
|need to gain weight or a tissue repair * high protein foods
|no added salt/NA restricted
|clients with problems with fluid retention or congestive heart failure * no salt added (NAS)
|introduces food in stages as client can tolerate * following major surgery or gastrointestinal illness
|clients cannot chew or who have dysphagia * ground to soft, silky texture
|Why would a TPN feed be ordered?
|*Severly malnourished and preparing for surgery *Receiving radiation/chemotherapy *Major surgery, severely burns, multiple fractures *Prolonged coma *Sever anorexia *Sever inflamed bowel *terminally ill
|What does NPO mean? When would you post an NPO sign?
|*Nothing by mouth for 8-12 hrs *fasting blood sugar or a blood test for cholesterol & triglycerides
|Explain how the following factors affect nutritional needs A) activity
|individuals in hospital are typically inactive & therefore need fewer calories *process of healing will increase body and calorie utilization
|Explain how the following factors affect nutritional needs B) age
|older people need less calories * children need more especially during growth periods
|Explain how the following factors affect nutritional needs C) gender
|men need more than women *hormones also play a role in increasing metabolic rated
|Explain how the following factors affect nutritional needs D) Genetics
|body structures predetermined by genetics and affects our basal metabolic rate
|Explain how the following factors affect nutritional needs E) Illness
|fever trama and surgery raise a person's metabolic rate
|Explain how the following factors affect nutritional needs F) pregnancy
|metabolism increases to meet energy demands
|How many graiin products should an adult eat in a day?
|How many food groups are there?
|What is the "other" food group?
|oils and fats