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Nutrition Review Exam

QuestionAnswer
cardiac diet admitted with or have pre-existance heart disease *low fat/cholesterol diet may restrict sodium
diabetic diet metabolic disorder, inability to synthesize or process food into forms the body can use for energy, growth, & development. *prescribed number of calories & proportions of fats, carbohydrates and proteins.
gluten-free diet for people with celiac disease, an atrophy of the mucosa * complete elimination of gluten
high-calorie diet excessive weight loss, cannot reach/maintain healthy weight * ordinary food plus food with high calorie count.
high-protein diet need to gain weight or a tissue repair * high protein foods
no added salt/NA restricted clients with problems with fluid retention or congestive heart failure * no salt added (NAS)
progressive diet introduces food in stages as client can tolerate * following major surgery or gastrointestinal illness
pureed clients cannot chew or who have dysphagia * ground to soft, silky texture
Why would a TPN feed be ordered? *Severly malnourished and preparing for surgery *Receiving radiation/chemotherapy *Major surgery, severely burns, multiple fractures *Prolonged coma *Sever anorexia *Sever inflamed bowel *terminally ill
What does NPO mean? When would you post an NPO sign? *Nothing by mouth for 8-12 hrs *fasting blood sugar or a blood test for cholesterol & triglycerides
Explain how the following factors affect nutritional needs A) activity individuals in hospital are typically inactive & therefore need fewer calories *process of healing will increase body and calorie utilization
Explain how the following factors affect nutritional needs B) age older people need less calories * children need more especially during growth periods
Explain how the following factors affect nutritional needs C) gender men need more than women *hormones also play a role in increasing metabolic rated
Explain how the following factors affect nutritional needs D) Genetics body structures predetermined by genetics and affects our basal metabolic rate
Explain how the following factors affect nutritional needs E) Illness fever trama and surgery raise a person's metabolic rate
Explain how the following factors affect nutritional needs F) pregnancy metabolism increases to meet energy demands
How many graiin products should an adult eat in a day? 6-8
How many food groups are there? 4
What is the "other" food group? oils and fats
Created by: deyoht_kwa
 

 



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