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Anatomy Session 3

Male & Female Reproductive System Medical Terms

TermDefinition
Amenorrhea Absence of menstruation
Amniocentesis Surgical puncture of the amniotic sac for obtaining a sample of amniotic fluid
Antepartum Time-period during pregnancy before the onset of labor
Cerclage Placement of stitches to hold the cervix closed; may be performed as a treatment for prolapsed, or during pregnancy to treat an incompetent cervix
Colpocleisis The vaginal walls are sewn together eliminating prolapse from the vagina
Colpopexy A procedure to return the vagina (and sometimes the uterus) to its normal anatomic position in the abdomen.
Colporraphy Any procedure to repair the vagina; typically this refers to removal of extra tissue from the vaginal walls to treat cystocele or rectocele
Conization of the Cervix Removal of a cone-shaped piece of mucosal tissue from the cervix, done either as a biopsy or to treat hyperplasia
Corpus Uteri The main body, or fundus, of the uterus, above the cervix
Dysmenorrhea Painful or difficult menstruation
Endometriosis Condition in which the endometrial tissue is found in the abdominal or pelvic cavity
Epispadias Congenital defect in which the urethra opens on the dorsum of the penis
Fibroma Fibrous Tumor
Fulguration The destruction of tissue, usually malignant tumors, by means of high frequency electric current applied with a needle-like electrode
Genitalia Male or Female reproductive organs
Gynecological A physician who specializes in the study of the female reproductive system
Hymenotomy Incising the fold of the mucous membrane that surrounds or partially covers the external vaginal opening
Hysterectomy Surgical excision of the uterus
Introitus The opening from the outside if the body into the vagina
Lysis Destuction; usually in the relation to scar tissue or adhesions
Mammography A graphic recording of the breast using X-ray technology
Marsupialization Incising an opening in an abscess pocket and then suturing the leaflets to surrounding skin
Mastectomy Surgical excision of the breast
Menorrhagia Excessive blood flow during menstruation
Menorrhea Normal menstruation
Myometritis Inflammation of the muscular walls of the uterus
Orchiectomy Surgical excision of the testicle
Perineum The area between the pubic symphysis and the coccyx
Pessary A flexible ring placed in the vagina that helps support the pelvic floor and treat prolapse
Postpartum Period after childbirth
Prostatalgia Pain in the prostate
Prostate Gland A gland that encircles the urethra and secretes fluid that aids in the movement of sperm
Salpingectomy Surgical excision of the fallopian tubes
Scrotum The sac suspended behind the penis that encloses the testicles
Urethrovaginal Fistula An abnormal opening between the urethra and the vagina
Vaginal Septum A congenital anomaly where extra tissue divides the vagina either longitudinally or horizontally
Vaginitis Inflammation of the vagina
Vasectomy Excision of the vas deferens surgically
Vulva The external female genitalia including the labia majora and minora, mons pubis, clitoris, and the vestibule of the vagina
Created by: BBracha