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Medical Terminology

Chapter 5 Digestive System

abdomen/o, celi/o, lapar/o abdomen
adnex/o accessory
an/o anus
appendic/o, append/o appendix
chol/e, bil/o bile
cholangi/o bile vessel
bol/o bolus
cec/o cecum
bucc/o cheek
cholesterol/o cholesterol
choledoch/o common bile duct
corpor/o body
duoden/o duodenum
amel/o enamel
esophag/o esophagus
lip/o, lipid/o fat, lipid
fec/a feces
plic/o fold, plica
fund/o fundus
cholecyst/o gallbladder
gluc/o, glyc/o glucose, sugar
gingiv/o gums
Ile/o ileum
intestin/o intestines
jejun/o jejunum
col/o, colon/o colon, large intestine
cheil/o, labi/o lips
hepat/o liver
lob/o lobe
mandibul/o lower jaw
lumin/o lumen
or/o, stom/o, stomat/o mouth, oral cavity
mucos/o mucus
nas/o, rhin/o nose
aliment/o nutrition
palat/o palate
ankyl/o stiffening
pancreat/o pancreas
peritone/o peritoneum
pharyng/o pharynx, throat
pylor/o pylorus
rect/o rectum
proct/o rectum and anus
rug/o rugae
sial/o, ptyal/o saliva
sialodoch/o salivary gland
sigmoid/o sigmoid gland
enter/o small intestine
amyl/o starch
gastr/o stomach
dent/i, odont/o teeth
gloss/o, lingu/o tongue
maxill/o upper jaw
uvul/o uvula
vill/o villus
endo- within
exo- outside
hypo- below
par- near
peri- surrounding
retro- behind
sub- under
-ase enxyme
-crine to secrete
-kinin movement substance
-pepsia digestion condition
-stalsis contraction
Created by: daytonacollege