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BMS 250 Chapter 1

QuestionAnswer
Provide a definition for the terms 'anatomy' and 'physiology' anatomy - the scientific study of the structure of an object physiology - the scientific study of the function of an object
Describe the anatomical position: body is standing erect, feet on the ground, hands at the side with the palms facing forward
abdominal abdomen
antebrachial forearm
antecubital anterior to the elbow
auricular ear
axillary armpit
brachial upper arm
buccal cheek
calcaneal heel
carpal wrist
cephalic head
cervical neck
coxal hip
cranial skull
crural shin
deltoid shoulder
digital fingers or toes
dorsal back
facial face
femoral thigh
fibular lateral aspect of the leg
frontal forehead
gluteal buttock
hallux big toe
inguinal groin
lumbar lower back
mammary breast
manus hand
mental chin
nasal nose
occipital posterior portion of the head
olecranal elbow
oral mouth
orbital eye
palmar palm
patellar kneecap
pectoral chest
pelvic pelvis
perineal region between the genitals and anus
pes foot
plantar sole of the foot
pollex thumb
popliteal posterior to the knee
pubic pelvis
radial lateral aspect of the forearm
sacral tailbone
scapular shoulder blade
sternal sternum
sural calf
tarsal ankle
thoracic chest
tibial medial aspect of leg
ulnar medial aspect of forearm
umbilical navel
vertebral spinal column
anterior towards the front
posterior towards the back
dorsal towards the back
ventral towards the front
superior towards the head
inferior towards the feet
cranial towards the head
caudal towards the tail
rostral towards the nose
medial towards the middle
lateral towards the side
deep towards the inside
superficial towards the outside
proximal closest to the point of attachment
distal farthest from the point of attachment
transverse plane divides the body into superior and inferior portions
coronal (frontal) plane divides the body into anterior and posterior portions
sagittal plane divides the body into left and right portions
cranial cavity contains the brain
vertebral cavity contains the vertebrae and spinal cord
thoracic cavity contains the heart, lungs, esophagus, and trachea
abdominal cavity contains the stomach, kidneys, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and spleen
pelvic cavity contains the bladder, rectum, and the internal reproductive organs
pleural cavity contains the lungs
pericardial cavity contains the heart
abdominopelvic cavity contains the stomach, kidneys, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, bladder, rectum, and the internal reproductive organs
right upper quadrant contains the stomach, spleen, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and kidneys
left upper quadrant contains the stomach, spleen, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and kidneys
right lower quadrant contains the internal reproductive organs and intestines
left lower quadrant contains the internal reproductive organs and intestines
right hypochondriac region contains the right kidney, liver, and gallbladder
epigastric region contains the esophagus, stomach, liver, pancreas, kidneys, and spleen
left hypochondriac region contains the left kidney, stomach, liver, and gallbladder
right lumbar region contains the right kidney, liver, and gallbladder
umbilical region contains the stomach, pancreas, small intestine, and kidneys
left lumbar region contains the left kidney and small intestine
right iliac region contains the small intestine and the right ovary
hypogastric region contains the small intestine, rectum, bladder, uterus, and prostate
left iliac region contains the small intestine and the left ovary
Describe the components of a homeostatic system:
Define negative feedback:
Define positive feedback:
Created by: devrieslia