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vertebral column

Vertebral Column Vocabulary Words

QuestionAnswer
vertebral column or spine the spine, formed of a number of indiidual bones called vertebrae and two composite bones
vertebrae each of the series of small bones forming the backbone, having several projections for articulation and muscle attachment, and a hole through which the spinal cord passes
intervertebral dics the disc of fibrocartilage between the vertebrae.
herniated discs is a condition in which the annulus fibrosus of the vertebral disc is torn, enabling the nucleus to herniate or extrude through the fibers
primary curvatures the ventrally concave curve of the fetal vertebral column, retained in the thoracic and sacral regions as the thoracic and sacral kyphoses.
secondary curvatures ventrally convex curves of the vertebral column that develop postnatally in the cervical and lumbar regions: the cervical and lumbar lordoses.
body or centrum the center especially of an anatomical part.
vertebral arch in eleven parts, consisting of two pedicles, two laminae, and seven processes. The laminae give attachment to the ligamenta flava.
vertebral foramen the opening formed by a neural arch through which the spinal cord passes.
transverse processes a lateral process of a vertebra.
spinous process protrudes where the laminae of the vertebral arch join and provides the point of attachment for muscles and ligaments of the spine.
superior & inferior articular processes the articular surface of the inferior articular process of vertebrae, articulating with the superior articular facet of the vertebra below to form a zygapophysial joint.
cervical vertebrae are those vertebrae immediately inferior to the skull. Thoracic vertebrae in all mammalian species are defined as those vertebrae that also carry a pair of ribs, and lie caudal to the cervical vertebrae.
atlas a book of maps or charts
axis an imaginary line about which a body rotates.
dens a wild animal's lair or habitation
thoracic vertebrae each of the twelve bones of the backbone to which the ribs are attached.
lumbar vertebrae the lumbar vertebrae are the five vertebrae between the rib cage and the pelvis.
sacrum a triangular bone in the lower back formed from fused vertebrae and situated between the two hipbones of the pelvis.
coccyx a small, triangular bone at the base of the spinal column in humans and some apes, formed of fused vestigial vertebrae.
Created by: maurisiozapata