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Hormones

Stack #180640

QuestionAnswer
Hypothalamus: Where is it? How big is it?what does it do? Diencephalon, Tiny, Master Controller "Big Daddy" of this system
Pituitary Gland aka hypophysisWhere is it? How big is it? Made of two lobes? Sellatursica, pea size, Posterior Lobe- (Neurohypophysis) down growth of nervous tissue. Anterior Lobe- ( adenohypophysis) originates from an upgrowth of oral ecoderm (mouth)
Posterior Lobe 2 hormones? A: Oxytocin ( Uterus, breast smooth muscle, neurotransmitter effect).B: Antidiuretic hormone- target cells in DCT adn CD of Kidney.
Anterior Lobe of Pituitary 9 Hormones Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) Opiates:enkephalin, beta endorphinesMelanocyte Stimulating HormoneThyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)Growth HormoneFollicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)Luteinizing Hormone (LH)Prolactin
(ACTH) ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC HORMONE Release-- corticotropic releasing hormone (CRH)TARGET CELLS OF ADRENAL CORTEX that secrete corisol.
Two Opiates-- Enkephalin & Beta endorphines
Melanocytes Stimulating Hormone act as neurotransmitters in humans.
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) Release when the hypothalmus detects a low thyroid hormone TARGET CELLS: TSH goes to the thyroid and cause the release of thyroid hormone.
Growth Hormone Release--(GHRH) growth hormone releasing hormoneTrigger from hypothalamus to anterior pituitary to stop release (GHIH)growth hormone inhibiting hormoneTarget Cells: epiphyseal plates and muscle cells
Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) Release-gonadotrpin releasing hormone (GnRH)Target Cells: stimulates sperm and egg production within gonads.
Luteinizing Hormone (LH) relase--gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) TARGET CELLS: gonads- cause ovulation and release of estrogen, progesterone in females, and testosterone in males
Prolactin prolactin release hormone (PRH) to stop release PIH prolactin inhibiting hormone Target cells: mammary glands, Action: produces milk
Thyroid Gland 2 Hormones Thyroid Hormone, calcitionin
Thyroid Hormone iodine, two hormones T4 (thyroxine) and T3 (triiodothyronine)
Created by: redhead