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Med Term Wk 2

Medical Terminology A Living Language

abdomin/o abdomen
adip/o fat
anter/o front
brachi/o arm
cardi/o heart
caud/o tail
cephal/o head
cervic/o neck
chondr/o cartilage
crani/o skull
crin/o to secrete
crur/o leg
cyt/o cell
dermat/o skin
dist/o away from
dors/o back of body
enter/o small intestine
epitheli/o epithelium
gastr/o stomach
glute/o buttock
gynec/o female
hemat/o blood
hist/o tissue
immun/o protection
infer/o below
laryng/o larynx
later/o side
lumb/o loin
lymph/o lymph
medi/o middle
muscul/o muscles
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
opthalm/o eye
ot/o ear
pelv/o pelvis
peritone/o peritoneum
pleur/o pleura
poster/o back
proct/o rectum and anus
proxim/o near to
pub/o genital region
pulmon/o lung
rhin/o nose
spin/o spine
super/o above
thorac/o chest
ur/o urine
vascul/o blood vessel
ventr/o belly
vertebr/o vertebra
viscer/o internal organ
nucleus contains a cells DNA
cytoplasm watery internal environment of a cell
cell membrane the outermost boundary of a cell
histology the study of tissue
muscle tissue produces movement in the body through contraction.
epithelial tissue composed of close packed cells to form the covering of and lining for the body. may be specialized to absorb substances, secrete substances, or excrete waste.
connective tissue the supporting and protecting tissue in body structures. provides protective padding around body structures.
nervous tissue allows for the conduction of electrical impulses to send information between the brain and the rest of the body.
sagittal plane divides the body into left and right prtions
frontal/coronal plane divides the body into front and back
transverse/horizontal plane separates the body into top and bottom
cross section/ longitudinal section an internal view of structures
Integumentary System -Two way barrier and temperature regulation -skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, sebaceous glands
musculoskeletal system -supports and protects the body -forms blood cells -stores minerals -produces movement -bones, joints,muscles
cardiovascular system -pumps blood to transport nutrients, oxygen and waste -heart, arteries, veins
hematic system -transports oxygen, protects, controls bleeding -plasma, erythrocytes, leukocytes, platelets
lymphatic system -protects body -lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels, spleen, thymus gland, tonsils
respiratory system -obtains oxygen and removes carbon dioxide -nasal cavity,pharynx, larynx,trachea, bronchial tubes, lungs
gastrointestinal system -Ingest, digest and absorb nutrients -oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon, liver, gall bladder, pancreas
urinary system -filters waste and removes from the body -kidneys, uterus, urinary bladder, urethra
female reproductive system -produces eggs and provides a place for the baby -ovaries, Fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, vulva, breast
male reproductive system -produces sperm -testes, epididymis, vas deferens, penis, seminal vesicles, prostate glands, bulbourethral glands
endocrine system -regulates metabolic activity -pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, thymus gland, pancreas, adrenal glands, ovaries & testes
nervous system -receives sensory information and coordinates responses -brain, spinal cord, nerves
cross section a slice perpendicular to the long axis of a structure (like cucumber circles)
longitudinal section a lengthwise slice along the axis of a structure (like carrot sticks)
parietal layer outer layer that lines cavities
visceral layer inner layer that contacts viscera
pleura a double layered membranous sack found in the thoracic cavity
peritoneum a double layered membranous sack found in the abdominopelvic cavity
pleural cavity surrounds the lungs
pericardial cavity surrounds the heart
upper row regions hypochondriac and epigastric
middle row regions lumbar and umbilical
lower row regions inguinal and hypogastric
apex tip or summit of an organ
base bottom or lower part of an organ
superficial more towards the surface of the body
deep further away from the surface of the body
supine lying horizontally facing upwards
prone lying horizontally facing downwards
abbreviation for anteroposterior AP
abbreviation for cardiovascular CV
abbreviation for ear, nose and throat ENT
abbreviation for gastrointestinal GI
abbreviation for gynecology GYN
abbreviation for lateral Lat
abbreviation for lower extremity LE
abbreviation for lower left quadrant LLQ
abbreviation for left upper quadrant LUQ
abbreviation for musculosceletal MS
abbreviation for obstetrics OB
abbreviation for posteroanterior PA
abbreviation for right lower quadrant RLQ
abbreviation for right upper quadrant RUQ
abbreviation for upper extremity UE
Created by: Megsandbacon