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Anatomy Session 2

Muscular/Soft Tissue Terms

TermDefinition
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) The ligament, located in the center of the knee, which controls rotation and forward movement of the tibia (shinbone)
Bursa A fluid-filled sac located between a bone and a tendon or muscle
Bursitis Swelling and irritation of the bursa
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome The median nerve is compressed as it passes through the carpal tunnel (a confined space) in the wrist
Cartilage A smooth material that covers bone ends of a joint to cushion the bone; allows the joint to move easily
Chondral Pertaining to cartilage
Chondralgia Pain around and in the cartilage
Connective Tissue that connects or binds together
Cubital Tunnel A tunnel of muscle, ligaments, and a bone on the inside of the elbow
Dislocation Occurs when extreme force is put on a ligament , causing the two bone ends to separate
Electromyogram (EMG) A test to evaluate nerve and muscle function
Fibromyalgia (Fibrositis) A chronic, widespread pain in the muscles and soft tissues surrounding the joints throughout the body
Gout A result of a defect in body chemistry (such as uric acid in the joint fluid); this painful condition most often attacks small joints
Inflammation A normal reaction to injury or disease, which results in swelling, pain, and stiffness
Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis (JRA) A form of arthritis in children ages 16 or younger that causes inflammation and stiffness of joints
Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL) The ligament that gives stability to the outer knee
Lateral Epicondylitis (Tennis Elbow) Caused by damage to the tendons that bend the wrist backward away from the palm
Ligaments A white, shiny, flexible band of fibrous tissue that binds together and connects bones and cartilage
Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) The ligament that gives stability to the inner knee
Medial Epicondylitis Condition in the elbow caused by damage to the tendons that bend the wrist towards the palm
Meniscus A crescent-shaped disc of connective tissue between the bones of the knees that acts as a shock absorber to cushion the lower part of the leg
Morton's Neuroma A pinched nerve that usually causes pain between the third and fourth toes
Plantar Fascia A long band of connective tissue running from the heel to the ball of the foot
Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) The ligament located in the back of the knee that controls backward movement of the tibia (shinbone)
Rheumatoid Arthritis An inflammatory disease that involves the lining of the joint (synovium)
Scleroderma A disease of the body's connective tissue that causes thickening and hardening of skin
Soft Tissue The ligaments, tendons, and muscles of the musculoskeletal system
Sprain A partial or complete tear of a ligament
Strain A partial or complete tear of a muscle of tendon
Synovial Fluid A clear fluid that is released by the synovial membrane and acts as a lubricant for joints and tendons
Tendon The tough cords of tissue that connect muscles to bones
Tendonitis An inflammation in a tendon or the tendon covering
Trigger Finger An irritation of the digital sheath that surrounds the flexor tendons of the finger
Created by: BBracha