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Anatomy Session 2

Skeletal Terms

Ankylosing Spondylitis A disease that causes the bones of the spine to grow together
Arthritis Inflammation of a joint
Arthrodesis Surgical Fixation of a joint
Arthrogram Test done by injecting dye into a joint and then taking xrays
Arthropathy Joint Disease
Arthroscopy A minimally invasive, diagnostic and/or therapeutic endoscopic procedure used for conditions of a joint
Bunion Inflammation and deformity in the joint of a big toe
Carpal Pertaining to the wrist bones
Comminuted Fracture Fractures shatter the affected part into bony fragments
Coccygeal Pertaining to the coccyx
Colles' Fracture Occurs in the wrist and affects the distal radius bone
Compression Fracture The vertebrae collapse due to trama, tumor, or osteoporosis
Dactylic Pertaining to finger or toe
Epiphyseal Fracture Fracture of the growth plate of a long bone in children and adolescents
Femur Thighbone
Femoral Pertaining to the femur and the thigh bone
Fracture A break in a bone
Greenstick Fracture Fracture where only one side of shaft is broken and other is bent (common in children)
Hammertoe A bent deformity in the middle toe joint
Heel Spur A bone growth on the heel bone
Humerus The bone of the upper arm
Iliac Pertaining to the ilium
Joint The place where the ends of two or more bones meet
Kyphosis Abnormal curvature of thoracic spine (humpback)
Lordosis Abnormal anterior curvature of spine, usually lumbar
Metacarpal Bones of the hand
Musculoskeletal System The complex system involving the body's muscles and skeleton, and including the joints, ligaments, tendons, and nerves
Myelogram An xray of the spinal cord after injection of air or a radiopaque substance into the subarachnoid space
Osteoarthritis Disorder that causes inflammation of a joint as well as swelling, pain, and stiffness
Osteoblast Bone-forming cell
Osteocarcinoma Cancerous tumor of the bone
Osteochondritis Inflammation of the bone and cartilage
Osteoporosis Porous bone that develops when bone no longer is replaced as quickly as it is removed
Osteorraphy Suture of bone
Patella The kneecap
Patellar Pertaining to patella
Phalangeal Bones of the fingers and toes
Prosthesis An artificial body part replacement
Radius The shorter of the two bones on the forearm
Scolios Lateral curvature of the spine
Spiral Fracture Fracture spread along length of a bone and produced by twisting stress
Sternotomy Surgical incision of sternum
Stress Fracture A bone injury caused by overuse
Tibia Shin bone or larger bone of the lower leg
Transverse Fracture Fracture breaks the shaft of a bone across the longitudinal axis
Ulnar Bone The longer of the two bones in the forearm
Created by: BBracha