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Medical Vocab


Contagious Can be spread to other people.
Chain of Infection Factors that must be present for an infection to result.
Reservoirs Humans, insects, food, and water provide food for microorganisms and allow them to multiply.
Formites nonliving materials that house microorganisms.
Portals of Exit Escape routes in humans that allow microorganisms to leave.
Mode of Transmission The way a disease is passed along.
Portal of Entry Means for pathogens to get into the host or environment.
Host Something that is capable of becoming or has been infected.
Immunity A state of not being susceptible to pathogens.
Healthcare-Associated Infection (HSI) When in a health care facility, a patient can get infections unrelated to their illness.
Surgical Asepsis Sterilization of any item that penetrates the skin or comes into contact with a normally sterile part of the body.
Infectious Agent A pathogen that can cause sickness.
Medical Asepsis Reduces the number of pathogens.
Carrier Host Hosts that do not show any outward signs or symptoms of a disease but are still capable of transmitting the disease are known as carriers.
Created by: mariaolivares